A Phase 0 Study to Assess the Biodistribution and Pharmacokinetics of a Radiolabeled Antibody Targeting Human Kallikrein 2 in Participants with Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer.

Despite the inclusion of multiple agents within the prostate cancer treatment landscape, new treatment options are needed to address the unmet need for patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Although prostate-specific membrane antigen is the only cell-surface target to yield clinical benefit in men with advanced prostate cancer, additional targets may further advance targeted immune, cytotoxic, radiopharmaceutical, and other tumor-directed therapies for these patients. Human kallikrein 2 (hK2) is a novel prostate-specific target with little to no expression in nonprostate tissues. This first-in-human phase 0 trial uses an 111In-radiolabeled anti-hK2 monoclonal antibody, [111In]-DOTA-h11B6, to credential hK2 as a potential target for prostate cancer treatment. Methods: Participants with progressive mCRPC received a single infusion of 2 mg of [111In]-DOTA-h11B6 (185 MBq of 111In), with or without 8 mg of unlabeled h11B6 to assess antibody mass effects. Sequential imaging and serial blood samples were collected to determine [111In]-DOTA-h11B6 biodistribution, dosimetry, serum radioactivity, and pharmacokinetics. Safety was assessed within a 2-wk follow-up period from the time of [111In]-DOTA-h11B6 administration. Results: Twenty-two participants received [111In]-DOTA-h11B6 and are included in this analysis. Within 6-8 d of administration, [111In]-DOTA-h11B6 visibly accumulated in known mCRPC lesions, with limited uptake in other organs. Two treatment-emergent adverse events unrelated to treatment occurred, including tumor-related bleeding in 1 patient, which led to early study discontinuation. Serum clearance, biodistribution, and tumor targeting were independent of total antibody mass (2 or 10 mg). Conclusion: This first-in-human study demonstrates that tumor-associated hK2 can be identified and targeted using h11B6 as a platform as the h11B6 antibody selectively accumulated in mCRPC metastases with mass-independent clearance kinetics. These data support the feasibility of hK2 as a target for imaging and hK2-directed agents as potential therapies in patients with mCRPC.

Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine. 2024 May 23 [Epub ahead of print]

Neeta Pandit-Taskar, Joseph A O'Donoghue, Dushen Chetty, Steven Max, Danielle Wanik, Ohad Ilovich, Michael Russell, Tenzin Nyima, Chaitanya R Divgi, Margaret Yu, Michael J Morris

Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York., Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York., Janssen Research & Development, LLC, Spring House, Pennsylvania., Invicro, LLC, Boston, Massachusetts., Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York., Genitourinary Oncology Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York; and .