The current study aimed to compare 68Ga-NODAGA-Cpa-cyclo(d-Cys-amino-Phe-hydroorotic acid-d-4-amino-Phe(carbamoyl)-Lys-Thr-Cys)-d-Tyr-NH2 (JR11) and 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT in patients with metastatic, well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors.
A prospective bicenter study aimed at enrolling 100 patients with histologically proven, metastatic or unresectable, well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors was conducted. The first 48 patients represented the study cohort. Each patient received 68Ga-DOTATATE on the first day and 68Ga-NODAGA-JR11 on the second day. Whole-body PET/CT scans were performed at 40–60 min after injection. Normal-organ uptake, lesion numbers, lesion uptake, and sensitivity were compared. The potential impact on clinical management was also determined.
Overall, 68Ga-NODAGA-JR11 demonstrated lower background uptake in normal organs. Compared with 68Ga-DOTATATE, 68Ga-NODAGA-JR11 detected significantly more liver lesions (673 vs. 584, P = 0.002). The target-to-background ratio of liver lesions was significantly higher on 68Ga-NODAGA-JR11 (6.4 ± 8.7 vs. 3.1 ±2.6, P = 0.000). Comparable uptake was observed for primary tumors, bone lesions, and lymph node metastases. In total, 180 lesions were detected on conventional imaging in 15 patients; 165 and 139 lesions of them were positive on 68Ga-NODAGA-JR11 and 68Ga-DOTATATE, leading to a sensitivity of 91.7% and 77.2%, respectively. In 14.5% (7/48) of patients, 68Ga-NODAGA-JR11 PET might have a potential impact on clinical management.
68Ga-NODAGA-JR11 shows better sensitivity and a higher target-to-background ratio than 68Ga-DOTATATE. The detection of more lesions by the antagonist may have a potential impact on clinical management in a subgroup of patients.
Source: Lin, Z. et al. (2023) Head-to-Head Comparison of 68ga-Nodaga-JR11 and 68GA-dotatate PET/CT in Patients with Metastatic, Well-Differentiated Neuroendocrine Tumors: Interim Analysis of a Prospective Bicenter Study. Journal of Nuclear Medicine