This multicentre, open-label, randomised, phase 3 trial was conducted at 84 cancer centres in nine countries in North America and Europe. Eligible patients were aged 18 years or older; had progressive PSMA-positive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer; an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of 0–2; and had previously received of at least one androgen receptor pathway inhibitor and one or two taxane-containing regimens. Patients were randomly assigned (2:1) to receive either [177Lu]Lu-PSMA-617 plus protocol-permitted standard of care ([177Lu]Lu-PSMA-617 group) or standard of care alone (control group) using permuted blocks. Randomisation was stratified by baseline lactate dehydrogenase concentration, liver metastases, ECOG performance status, and androgen receptor pathway inhibitor inclusion in standard of care. Patients in the [177Lu]Lu-PSMA-617 group received intravenous infusions of 7·4 gigabecquerel (GBq; 200 millicurie [mCi]) [177Lu]Lu-PSMA-617 every 6 weeks for four cycles plus two optional additional cycles. Standard of care included approved hormonal treatments, bisphosphonates, and radiotherapy. The alternate primary endpoints were radiographic progression-free survival and overall survival, which have been reported. Here we report the key secondary endpoint of time to first symptomatic skeletal event, and other secondary endpoints of HRQOL assessed with the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Prostate (FACT-P) and EQ-5D-5L, and pain assessed with the Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (BPI-SF). Patient-reported outcomes and symptomatic skeletal events were analysed in all patients who were randomly assigned after implementation of measures designed to reduce the dropout rate in the control group (on or after March 5, 2019), and safety was analysed according to treatment received in all patients who received at least one dose of treatment. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03511664, and is active but not recruiting.
Between June 4, 2018, and Oct 23, 2019, 831 patients were enrolled, of whom 581 were randomly assigned to the [177Lu]Lu-PSMA-617 group (n=385) or control group (n=196) on or after March 5, 2019, and were included in analyses of HRQOL, pain, and time to first symptomatic skeletal event. The median age of patients was 71 years (IQR 65–75) in the [177Lu]Lu-PSMA-617 group and 72·0 years (66–76) in the control group. Median time to first symptomatic skeletal event or death was 11·5 months (95% CI 10·3–13·2) in the [177Lu]Lu-PSMA-617 group and 6·8 months (5·2–8·5) in the control group (hazard ratio [HR] 0·50, 95% CI 0·40–0·62). Time to worsening was delayed in the [177Lu]Lu-PSMA-617 group versus the control group for FACT-P score (HR 0·54, 0·45–0·66) and subdomains, BPI-SF pain intensity score (0·52, 0·42–0·63), and EQ-5D-5L utility score (0·65, 0·54–0·78). Grade 3 or 4 haematological adverse events included decreased haemoglobin (80 [15%] of 529 assessable patients who received [177Lu]Lu-PSMA-617 plus standard of care vs 13 [6%] of 205 who received standard of care only), lymphocyte concentrations (269 [51%] vs 39 [19%]), and platelet counts (49 [9%] vs five [2%]). Treatment-related adverse events leading to death occurred in five (1%) patients who received [177Lu]Lu-PSMA-617 plus standard of care (pancytopenia [n=2], bone marrow failure [n=1], subdural haematoma [n=1], and intracranial haemorrhage [n=1]) and no patients who received standard of care only.
[177Lu]Lu-PSMA-617 plus standard of care delayed time to worsening in HRQOL and time to skeletal events compared with standard of care alone. These findings support the use of [177Lu]Lu-PSMA-617 in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who received previous androgen receptor pathway inhibitor and taxane treatment.
Advanced Accelerator Applications (Novartis).
Prof Karim Fizazi, MD, Prof Ken Herrmann, MD, Prof Bernd J Krause, MD, Prof Kambiz Rahbar, MD, Prof Kim N Chi, MD, Michael J Morris, MD, Prof Oliver Sartor, MD, Prof Scott T Tagawa, MD, Ayse T Kendi, MD, Prof Nicholas Vogelzang, MD *, Jeremie Calais, MD, Prof James Nagarajah, MD, Xiao X Wei, MD, Vadim S Koshkin, MD, Jean-Mathieu Beauregard, MD, Brian Chang, MD, Ray Ghouse, MSc, Michelle DeSilvio, PhD, Richard A Messmann, MD, Prof Johann de Bono, PhD
Source: Fizazi K, Herrmann K, Krause B, et al. Health-related quality of life and pain outcomes with [177Lu]Lu-PSMA-617 plus standard of care versus standard of care in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (VISION): a multicentre, open-label, randomised, phase 3 trial. The Lancet Oncology. 2023:24(6): 597-610 24(6): 597-610
Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) From the Phase 3 VISION Study of 177Lu-PSMA-617 in Patients With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer – Karim Fizazi
Radiographic Progression-Free Survival Correlation with Time-to-Event Endpoints in the VISION Trial - Michael Morris