B7-H3 as a Therapeutic Target in Advanced Prostate Cancer.

B7-H3 is a cell surface immunomodulatory glycoprotein overexpressed in prostate cancers (PCs). Understanding its longitudinal expression at emergence of castration resistance and association with tumour genomics are critical to the development of and patient selection for B7-H3 targeted therapies.

To characterise B7-H3 expression in same-patient hormone-sensitive (HSPC) and castration-resistant (CRPC) PC biopsies, associating this with PC genomics, and to evaluate the antitumour activity of an anti-B7-H3 antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) in human CRPC in vitro and in vivo.

We performed immunohistochemistry and next-generation sequencing on a cohort of 98 clinically annotated CRPC biopsies, including 72 patients who also had HSPC biopsies for analyses. We analysed two CRPC transcriptome and exome datasets, and PC scRNASeq datasets. PC organoids (patient-derived xenograft [PDX]-derived organoids [PDX-Os]) were derived from PDXs generated from human CRPC biopsies.

We evaluated B7-H3 mRNA expression in relation to a panel of 770 immune-related genes, compared B7-H3 protein expression between same-patient HSPC and CRPC biopsies, determined associations with PC genomic alterations, and evaluated the antitumour activity of DS-7300a, a topoisomerase-1 inhibitor payload anti-B7-H3 ADC, in human PC cell lines, organoids (PDX-Os), and xenografts (PDXs) of different histologies, B7-H3 expressions, and genomics.

B7-H3 was among the most highly expressed immunomodulatory genes in CRPCs. Most CRPCs (93%) expressed B7-H3, and in patients who developed CRPC, B7-H3 expression was frequently expressed at the time of HSPC diagnosis (97%). Conversion from B7-H3 positive to negative, or vice versa, during progression from HSPC to CRPC was uncommon. CRPC with neuroendocrine features were more likely to be B7-H3 negative (28%) than adenocarcinomas. B7-H3 is overexpressed in tumours with defective DNA repair gene (ATM and BRCA2) alterations and is associated with ERG expression, androgen receptor (AR) expression, and AR activity signature. DS7300a had antitumour activity against B7-H3 expressing human PC models including cell lines, PDX-Os, and PDXs of adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine histology.

The frequent overexpression of B7-H3 in CRPC compared with normal tissue and other B7 family members implicates it as a highly relevant therapeutic target in these diseases. Mechanisms driving differences in B7-H3 expression across genomic subsets warrant investigation for understanding the role of B7-H3 in cancer growth and for the clinical development of B7-H3 targeted therapies.

B7-H3, a protein expressed on the surface of the most lethal prostate cancers, in particular those with specific mutations, can be targeted using drugs that bind B7-H3. These findings are relevant for the development of such drugs and for deciding which patients to treat with these new drugs.

European urology. 2022 Sep 13 [Epub ahead of print]

Christina Guo, Ines Figueiredo, Bora Gurel, Antje Neeb, George Seed, Mateus Crespo, Suzanne Carreira, Jan Rekowski, Lorenzo Buroni, Jon Welti, Denisa Bogdan, Lewis Gallagher, Adam Sharp, Maria D Fenor de la Maza, Pasquale Rescigno, Daniel Westaby, Khobe Chandran, Ruth Riisnaes, Ana Ferreira, Susana Miranda, Bianca Calì, Andrea Alimonti, Silvia Bressan, Alana H T Nguyen, Michael M Shen, Jessica E Hawley, Aleksandar Obradovic, Charles G Drake, Claudia Bertan, Chloe Baker, Nina Tunariu, Wei Yuan, Johann S de Bono

The Institute of Cancer Research, London, UK; The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Sutton, UK., The Institute of Cancer Research, London, UK., Candiolo Cancer Institute, FPO-IRCCS, Candiolo TO, Italy., Institute of Oncology Research, Oncology Institute of Southern Switzerland, Università della Svizzera Italiana, Bellinzona, Switzerland., Institute of Oncology Research, Oncology Institute of Southern Switzerland, Università della Svizzera Italiana, Bellinzona, Switzerland; Department of Health Sciences and Technology, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland; Veneto Institute of Molecular Medicine, Padova, Italy., Institute of Oncology Research, Oncology Institute of Southern Switzerland, Università della Svizzera Italiana, Bellinzona, Switzerland; Department of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences, University of Padova, Padova, Italy., Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY, USA., Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY, USA; University of Washington, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center, Seattle, WA, USA., Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY, USA; Janssen Research, Spring House, PA, USA., The Institute of Cancer Research, London, UK; The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Sutton, UK. Electronic address: .

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