Radioligand therapy (RLT) with 177Lu-labeled prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) ligands is associated with prolonged overall survival (OS) in patients with advanced, metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). A substantial number of patients, however, are prone to treatment failure. We aimed to determine clinical baseline characteristics to predict OS in patients receiving [177Lu]Lu-PSMA I&T RLT in a long-term follow-up.
Ninety-two mCRPC patients treated with [177Lu]Lu-PSMA I&T with a follow-up of at least 18 months were retrospectively identified. Multivariable Cox regression analyses were performed for various baseline characteristics, including laboratory values, Gleason score, age, prior therapies, and time interval between initial diagnosis and first treatment cycle (intervalDiagnosis-RLT, per 12 months). Cutoff values for significant predictors were determined using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. ROC-derived thresholds were then applied to Kaplan-Meier analyses.
Baseline C-reactive protein (CRP; hazard ratio [HR], 1.10, 95% CI 1.02-1.18; P = 0.01), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH; HR, 1.07, 95% CI 1.01-1.11; P = 0.01), aspartate aminotransferase (AST; HR, 1.16, 95% CI 1.06-1.26; P = 0.001), and intervalDiagnosis-RLT (HR, 0.95, 95% CI 0.91-0.99; P = 0.02) were identified as independent prognostic factors for OS. The following respective ROC-based thresholds were determined: CRP, 0.98 mg/dl (area under the curve [AUC], 0.80); LDH, 276.5 U/l (AUC, 0.83); AST, 26.95 U/l (AUC, 0.73); and intervalDiagnosis-RLT, 43.5 months (AUC, 0.68; P < 0.01, respectively). Respective Kaplan-Meier analyses demonstrated a significantly longer median OS of patients with lower CRP, lower LDH, and lower AST, as well as prolonged intervalDiagnosis-RLT (P ≤ 0.01, respectively).
In mCRPC patients treated with [177Lu]Lu-PSMA I&T, baseline CRP, LDH, AST, and time interval until RLT initiation (thereby reflecting a possible indicator for tumor aggressiveness) are independently associated with survival. Our findings are in line with previous findings on [177Lu]Lu-PSMA-617, and we believe that these clinical baseline characteristics may support the nuclear medicine specialist to identify long-term survivors.
European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging. 2022 Jun 02 [Epub ahead of print]
Philipp E Hartrampf, Anna Katharina Seitz, Franz-Xaver Weinzierl, Sebastian E Serfling, Andreas Schirbel, Steven P Rowe, Hubert Kübler, Andreas K Buck, Rudolf A Werner
Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital Würzburg, Oberdürrbacherstraße 6, 97080, Würzburg, Germany. ., Department of Urology and Paediatric Urology, University Hospital Würzburg, Oberdürrbacherstraße 6, 97080, Würzburg, Germany., Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital Würzburg, Oberdürrbacherstraße 6, 97080, Würzburg, Germany., Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, The Russell H Morgan, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 601 N Caroline Str, Baltimore, MD, USA.