The qualitative transcriptional characteristics, the within-sample relative expression orderings (REOs) of genes, are highly robust against batch effects and sample quality variations. Hence, we develop a qualitative transcriptional signature based on REOs to predict the biochemical recurrence risk of prostate cancer (PCa) patients after radical prostatectomy.
Gene pairs with REOs significantly correlated with the biochemical recurrence-free survival (BFS) were identified from 131 PCa samples in the training data set. From these gene pairs, we selected a qualitative transcriptional signature based on the within-sample REOs of gene pairs which could predict the recurrence risk of PCa patients after radical prostatectomy.
A signature consisting of 74 gene pairs, named 74-GPS, was developed for predicting the recurrence risk of PCa patients after radical prostatectomy based on the majority voting rule that a sample was assigned as high risk when at least 37 gene pairs of the 74-GPS voted for high risk; otherwise, low risk. The signature was validated in six independent datasets produced by different platforms. In each of the validation datasets, the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the average BFS of the low-risk group was significantly better than that of the high-risk group. Analyses of multiomics data of PCa samples from TCGA suggested that both the epigenomic and genomic alternations could cause the reproducible transcriptional differences between the two different prognostic groups.
The proposed qualitative transcriptional signature can robustly stratify PCa patients after radical prostatectomy into two groups with different recurrence risk and distinct multiomics characteristics. Hence, 74-GPS may serve as a helpful tool for guiding the management of PCa patients with radical prostatectomy at the individual level.
The Prostate. 2020 Jan 21 [Epub ahead of print]
Xiang Li, Haiyan Huang, Jiahui Zhang, Fengle Jiang, Yating Guo, Yidan Shi, Zheng Guo, Lu Ao
Department of Bioinformatics, Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Gastrointestinal Cancer, The School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China.