Non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (nmCRPC) is a heterogeneous disease with variable potential in developing into overt metastases. It is an area of increased unmet need in advanced prostate cancer and for which there had been no great treatments until recent US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of 2 novel anti-androgens apalutamide and enzalutamide, which were both approved given benefit in metastasis-free survival. Early data on the use of darolutamide, another novel anti-androgen, are also explored. This review discusses the pivotal trials that led to the approval of apalutamide and enzalutamide in the nmCRPC setting and discusses the key promises and challenges with the use of these agents.
Clinical Medicine Insights. Oncology. 2019 Mar 07*** epublish ***
Joelle El-Amm, Jeanny B Aragon-Ching
Hematology and Oncology, Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon., Genitourinary (GU) Medical Oncology, Inova Schar Cancer Institute, Fairfax, VA, USA.