Purpose Guidelines are limited for genetic testing for prostate cancer (PCA). The goal of this conference was to develop an expert consensus-driven working framework for comprehensive genetic evaluation of inherited PCA in the multigene testing era addressing genetic counseling, testing, and genetically informed management. Methods An expert consensus conference was convened including key stakeholders to address genetic counseling and testing, PCA screening, and management informed by evidence review. Results Consensus was strong that patients should engage in shared decision making for genetic testing. There was strong consensus to test HOXB13 for suspected hereditary PCA, BRCA1/2 for suspected hereditary breast and ovarian cancer, and DNA mismatch repair genes for suspected Lynch syndrome. There was strong consensus to factor BRCA2 mutations into PCA screening discussions. BRCA2 achieved moderate consensus for factoring into early-stage management discussion, with stronger consensus in high-risk/advanced and metastatic setting. Agreement was moderate to test all men with metastatic castration-resistant PCA, regardless of family history, with stronger agreement to test BRCA1/2 and moderate agreement to test ATM to inform prognosis and targeted therapy. Conclusion To our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive, multidisciplinary consensus statement to address a genetic evaluation framework for inherited PCA in the multigene testing era. Future research should focus on developing a working definition of familial PCA for clinical genetic testing, expanding understanding of genetic contribution to aggressive PCA, exploring clinical use of genetic testing for PCA management, genetic testing of African American males, and addressing the value framework of genetic evaluation and testing men at risk for PCA-a clinically heterogeneous disease.
Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. 2017 Dec 13 [Epub ahead of print]
Veda N Giri, Karen E Knudsen, William K Kelly, Wassim Abida, Gerald L Andriole, Chris H Bangma, Justin E Bekelman, Mitchell C Benson, Amie Blanco, Arthur Burnett, William J Catalona, Kathleen A Cooney, Matthew Cooperberg, David E Crawford, Robert B Den, Adam P Dicker, Scott Eggener, Neil Fleshner, Matthew L Freedman, Freddie C Hamdy, Jean Hoffman-Censits, Mark D Hurwitz, Colette Hyatt, William B Isaacs, Christopher J Kane, Philip Kantoff, R Jeffrey Karnes, Lawrence I Karsh, Eric A Klein, Daniel W Lin, Kevin R Loughlin, Grace Lu-Yao, S Bruce Malkowicz, Mark J Mann, James R Mark, Peter A McCue, Martin M Miner, Todd Morgan, Judd W Moul, Ronald E Myers, Sarah M Nielsen, Elias Obeid, Christian P Pavlovich, Stephen C Peiper, David F Penson, Daniel Petrylak, Curtis A Pettaway, Robert Pilarski, Peter A Pinto, Wendy Poage, Ganesh V Raj, Timothy R Rebbeck, Mark E Robson, Matt T Rosenberg, Howard Sandler, Oliver Sartor, Edward Schaeffer, Gordon F Schwartz, Mark S Shahin, Neal D Shore, Brian Shuch, Howard R Soule, Scott A Tomlins, Edouard J Trabulsi, Robert Uzzo, Donald J Vander Griend, Patrick C Walsh, Carol J Weil, Richard Wender, Leonard G Gomella
Veda N. Giri, Karen E. Knudsen, William K. Kelly, Robert B. Den, Adam P. Dicker, Jean Hoffman-Censits, Mark D. Hurwitz, Colette Hyatt, Grace Lu-Yao, Mark J. Mann, James R. Mark, Peter A. McCue, Ronald E. Myers, Stephen C. Peiper, Edouard J. Trabulsi, and Leonard G. Gomella, Jefferson Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center; Justin E. Bekelman, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine; S. Bruce Malkowicz, University of Pennsylvania; Elias Obeid and Robert Uzzo, Fox Chase Cancer Center; Gordon F. Schwartz, Foundation for Breast and Prostate Health, Philadelphia; Mark S. Shahin, Hanjani Institute for Gynecologic Oncology, Abington Hospital-Jefferson Health, Abington, PA; Wassim Abida, Philip Kantoff, and Mark E. Robson, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Mitchell C. Benson, Columbia University, New York, NY; Gerald L. Andriole, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO; Chris H. Bangma, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Amie Blanco, and Matthew Cooperberg, University of California, San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco; Christopher J. Kane, University of California San Diego, San Diego; Howard Sandler, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles; Howard R. Soule, Prostate Cancer Foundation, Santa Monica, CA; Arthur Burnett, William B. Isaacs, Christian P. Pavlovich, and Patrick C. Walsh, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore; Peter A. Pinto and Carol J. Weil, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD; William J. Catalona and Edward Schaeffer, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine; Scott Eggener, Sarah M. Nielsen, and Donald J. Vander Griend, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL; Kathleen A. Cooney, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT; David E. Crawford, University of Colorado, Aurora; Lawrence I. Karsh, The Urology Center of Colorado, Denver; Wendy Poage, Prostate Conditions Education Council, Elizabeth, CO; Neil Fleshner, University of Toronto Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Matthew L. Freedman, Kevin R. Loughlin, and Timothy R. Rebbeck, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, and Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA; Freddie C. Hamdy, University of Oxford, Oxford, England; R. Jeffrey Karnes, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; Eric A. Klein, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland; Robert Pilarski, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; Daniel W. Lin, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; Martin M. Miner, Brown University, Providence, RI; Todd Morgan and Scott A. Tomlins, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor; Matt T. Rosenberg, Mid-Michigan Health Center, Jackson, MI; Judd W. Moul, Duke University, Duke Cancer Institute, Durham, NC; David F. Penson, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN; Daniel Petrylak and Brian Shuch, Yale University, New Haven, CT; Curtis A. Pettaway, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston; Ganesh V. Raj, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX; Oliver Sartor, Tulane University Medical School, New Orleans, LA; Neal D. Shore, Atlantic Urology Clinics/Carolina Urologic Research Center, Myrtle Beach, SC; and Richard Wender, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA.