The identification of optimal target antigens on tumor cells is central to the advancement of new antibody-based cancer therapies. We performed suppression subtraction hybridization and identified nectin-4 (PVRL4), a type I transmembrane protein and member of a family of related immunoglobulin-like adhesion molecules, as a potential target in epithelial cancers.
We conducted immunohistochemical analysis of 2394 patient specimens from bladder, breast, lung, pancreatic, ovarian, head/neck, and esophageal tumors and found that 69% of all specimens stained positive for nectin-4. Moderate to strong staining was especially observed in 60% of bladder and 53% of breast tumor specimens, whereas expression of nectin-4 in normal tissue was more limited. We generated a novel antibody drug conjugate (ADC) enfortumab vedotin comprising the human anti-nectin-4 antibody conjugated to the highly potent microtubule disrupting agent MMAE. Hybridoma (AGS-22M6E) and CHO (ASG-22CE) versions of enfortumab vedotin (also known as ASG-22ME) ADC were able to bind to cell surface expressed nectin-4 with high affinity and induced cell death in vitro in a dose-dependent manner. Treatment of mouse xenograft models of human breast, bladder, pancreatic, and lung cancers with enfortumab vedotin significantly inhibited the growth of all four tumor types and resulted in tumor regression of breast and bladder xenografts. Overall, these findings validate nectin-4 as an attractive therapeutic target in multiple solid tumors, and support further clinical development, investigation, and application of nectin-4-targeting ADCs.
Cancer research. 2016 Mar 24 [Epub ahead of print]
Pia M Challita-Eid, Daulet Satpayev, Peng Yang, Zili An, Karen Morrison, Yuriy Shostak, Arthur Raitano, Rossana Nadell, Wendy Liu, Dawn R Lortie, Linette Capo, Alla Verlinsky, Monica Leavitt, Faisal Malik, Hector Avina, Claudia I Guevara, Nick Dinh, Sher Karki, Banmeet Anand, Daniel S Pereira, Ingrid B J Joseph, Fernando Donate, Kendall Morrison, David R Stover
Agensys Inc. Research, ImaginAb Inc.