PURPOSE: We assessed the safety, pharmacokinetics and anticancer activity of intravesical CG0070, a cancer selective, replication competent adenovirus, for the treatment of nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 35 patients received single or multiple (every 28 days × 3 or weekly × 6) intravesical infusions of CG0070 at 1 of 4 dose levels (1 × 1012, 3 × 1012, 1 × 1013 or 3 × 1013 viral particles). Response to treatment was based on cystoscopic assessment and biopsy or urine cytology. Urine and plasma CG0070, and granulocyte-monocyte colony-stimulating factor were measured in all patients. A subset of 18 patients was assessed for retinoblastoma phosphorylation status.
RESULTS: Grade 1-2 bladder toxicities were the most common adverse events observed. A maximum tolerated dose was not reached. High levels of granulocyte-monocyte colony-stimulating factor were detected in urine after administration in all patients. Virus replication was suggested based on an increase in urine CG0070 genomes between days 2 and 5 in 58.3% of tested patients (7 of 12). The complete response rate and median duration of the complete response across cohorts was 48.6% and 10.4 months, respectively. In the multidose cohorts the complete response rate for the combined groups (every 28 days and weekly × 6) was 63.6% (14 of 22 patients). In an exploratory, retrospective assessment patients with borderline or high retinoblastoma phosphorylation who received the multidose schedules had an 81.8% complete response rate (9 of 11).
CONCLUSIONS: Intravesical CG0070 was associated with a tolerable safety profile and antibladder cancer activity. Granulocyte-monocyte colony-stimulating factor transgene expression and CG0070 replication were also suggested.
Burke JM, Lamm DL, Meng MV, Nemunaitis JJ, Stephenson JJ, Arseneau JC, Aimi J, Lerner S, Yeung AW, Kazarian T, Maslyar DJ, McKiernan JM. Are you the author?
Billings Clinic, Billings, Montana 59106, USA.
Reference: J Urol. 2012 Dec;188(6):2391-7.