Background: Local control following trimodality therapy (TMT) for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) requires further optimization. Objective: Evaluating the biologic endpoint, feasibility, and toxicity of integrating everolimus to TMT in patients with MIBC. Methods: This was a phase I trial in patients with MIBC who were not surgical candidates or who refused cystectomy. Following maximal transurethral tumor resection, patients were treated by radiotherapy (50 Gy/20 fractions), gemcitabine (100 mg/m2/weekly) and escalating doses of everolimus (2.5-5.0 mg/day). Everolimus was given daily for one month prior to radiation, during treatment, and one month post-radiation. Toxicity assessment followed the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Acute Radiation Morbidity Scoring Criteria. Biologic endpoint with downregulation of phospho-S6 (pS6) was assessed using immunohistochemistry. Local response was evaluated with imaging and bladder biopsy post-therapy. Results: 10 patients were recruited; 8 males, 2 females. Median age was 78 years (range: 63-85). Four patients entered everolimus 2.5 mg cohort. Six other patients entered everolimus 5.0 mg cohort. Toxicities were encountered in 2 patients (Grade I), 6 patients (Grade II), 9 patients (Grade III) and 1 patient (Grade IV), with some experiencing more than one toxicity. Most Grade III and IV toxicities were encountered from everolimus alone prior to combination testing. Trial was terminated early due to toxicity. Interestingly, 6/10 patients (60%) achieved a complete response with negative post-treatment biopsies. Significant decrease of pS6 was demonstrated post-therapy (p = 0.03). Conclusions: Although combining everolimus with TMT achieved a biological endpoint and complete response in a significant number of patients with MIBC and negative prognostic factors, it was associated with unacceptable increased toxicity.
Bladder cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands). 2017 Apr 27*** epublish ***
Bassel G Bachir, Luis Souhami, Jose João Mansure, Fabio Cury, Marie Vanhuyse, Fadi Brimo, Armen G Aprikian, Simon Tanguay, Jeremy Sturgeon, Wassim Kassouf
Department of Urology, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, QC, Canada., Division of Oncology, Division of Radiation Oncology, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, QC, Canada., Department of Medical Oncology, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, QC, Canada., Department of Pathology, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, QC, Canada.