Patients' self-report anxiety, depression and quality of life and their predictive factors in muscle invasive bladder cancer patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy.

This study aimed to evaluate anxiety, depression and quality of life (QoL) by patients' self-report scales and the predictive factors for their aggravation in muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. One hundred and ninety-four MIBC patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy and underwent radical cystectomy were consecutively enrolled. HADS was used to evaluate anxiety and depression, and EORTC QLQ-C30 Scale was used to assess QoL. Post adjuvant chemotherapy, HADS-Anxiety score (P = 0.042), anxiety percentage (P = 0.036), HADS-Depression score (P < 0.001), depression percentage (P = 0.002) and the EORTC QLQ-C30 Functional score (P = 0.002) were elevated compared with baseline. Age (P < 0.001), BMI (P = 0.021) and hypertension (P = 0.001) correlated with aggravation of HADS-Anxiety score, while gender (P < 0.001) correlated with aggravation of HADS-Depression score independently during adjuvant chemotherapy. And smoking, alcohol use, hypertension, diabetes, ECOG performance, pT stage as well as pN stage independently predicted the worsening of EORTC QLQ-C30 Scale subscale scores during adjuvant chemotherapy (all P < 0.05). In conclusion, patients' self-report anxiety and depression were increased while QoL was not deteriorated in MIBC patients during adjuvant chemotherapy, and age, gender, BMI, hypertension, smoking, alcohol use, diabetes, ECOG performance, pT stage as well as pN stage were potential predicting factors for their aggravation.

Psychology, health & medicine. 2019 Nov 08 [Epub ahead of print]

Yuling Zhang, Yanjie Wang, Bingbing Song, Haibo Li

Department of Urology, Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Harbin, China.

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