Procalcitonin as an early indicator of urosepsis following prostate biopsy.

To investigate the usefulness of serum procalcitonin (PCT) in the early diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) and urosepsis following transrectal prostate biopsy.

In this prospective observational study, 227 patients who underwent transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy were evaluated. The relationship between urosepsis and age, serum PCT, C-reactive protein, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), prostate volume, PSA density and pathologic results following biopsy was assessed. Serum PCT level was measured in all patients immediately before the biopsy and at the post-biopsy day 2.

Of the 227 patients, 11 (4.8%) developed UTI with positive urine culture without urosepsis and 5 (2.2%) developed urosepsis within 30 days after biopsy. The concentration of PCT was within the normal range before the biopsy. Procalcitonin concentration at post-biopsy day 2 was significantly higher in patients who developed urosepsis (1.91 ± 2.99 ng/ml vs. 0.05 ± 0.08 ng/ml; p = .004) compared with non-UTI patients. Only elevated PCT level at post-biopsy day 2 was a statistically significant independent predictor of post-biopsy urosepsis. The area under the ROC curve for the prediction of urosepsis was 0.976 (95%CI: 0.941-1.000) and a cut-off 0.095 ng/ml in the level of PCT at post-biopsy day 2 yielded a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 93.8% in detecting urosepsis following biopsy.

Procalcitonin appears to be a useful early biomarker to predict the urosepsis following prostate biopsy. Patients with elevated PCT value should be closely monitored after the biopsy.

The aging male : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male. 2018 Oct 05 [Epub ahead of print]

Halil Lütfi Canat, Osman Can, Hasan Anıl Atalay, Fatih Akkaş, Alper Ötünçtemur

a Department of Urology , Okmeydanı Training and Research Hospital , Istanbul , Turkey., b Department of Urology , Bakırköy Dr Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital , Istanbul , Turkey.