Epidemiology of lower urinary tract symptoms in a cross-sectional, population-based study: The status in China

Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are reported to affect over half of all adults, and they are associated with significantly impaired quality of life (QOL). We performed a population-based study to evaluate the overall prevalence and impact of LUTS including overactive bladder (OAB) in adults aged ≥40 years in China. Adults aged ≥40 years were eligible to participate in this internet-based survey, provided that they had the ability to access the internet, to use a computer and to read the local language. The survey contained questions relating to International Continence Society (ICS) symptom definitions, the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and the Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS). The primary study objective was to determine the prevalence of LUTS using the ICS 2002 symptom definition.Among the 4136 respondents, 2080 (50.3%) were men and 1347 (32.6%) were aged ≥60 years. LUTS prevalence according to ICS criteria was 60.3% in men and 57.7% in women. All 3 ICS symptom groups (voiding, storage, and postmicturition) were present in 22.8% of women and 24.2% of men, making this the most common combination of ICS symptom groups. The most bothersome symptoms were terminal dribble and nocturia. According to IPSS scores, 32.9% of participants had at least moderate symptoms. The prevalence of OAB was 23.9%. The presence of LUTS-particularly all 3 ICS symptom groups-was associated with reduced sexual QOL in women, reduced satisfaction with erectile function in men, higher anxiety and depression scores, and reduced health-related QOL (physical health and mental health domains). The overall percentage of participants with LUTS visiting healthcare professionals for urinary symptoms was 38%.In conclusion, LUTS affect the majority of adults aged ≥40 years in China, and prevalence increases with increasing age. LUTS are associated with impaired QOL and mental health, but fewer than half of individuals in China with LUTS seek healthcare for their symptoms. There is therefore a need to improve awareness and treatment of the condition.ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02618421.

Medicine. 2018 Aug [Epub]

Jian-Ye Wang, Limin Liao, Ming Liu, Budiwan Sumarsono, Min Cong

Department of Urology, Beijing Hospital., Department of Urology, China Rehabilitation Research Center, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China., Astellas Pharma Singapore Pte. Ltd., Singapore., Astellas Pharma China, Inc., Beijing, China.

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