Improved global response outcome after intradetrusor injection of adult muscle-derived cells for the treatment of underactive bladder.

We report on the first regulatory approved clinical trial of a prospective open-label physician-initiated study assessing the safety and efficacy of intradetrusor injected Autologous Muscle Derived Cells (AMDC) treatment for underactive bladder (UAB). 20 non-neurogenic UAB patients were treated. Approximately 50-250 mg of quadriceps femoris muscle was collected using a spirotome 8-gauge needle. The muscle biopsy samples were sent to Cook MyoSite (Pittsburgh, PA) for processing, isolation, and propagation of cells. Research patients received approximately 30 intradetrusor injections of 0.5 mL delivered to the bladder, for a total of 15 mL and 125 million AMDC, performed utilizing a flexible cystoscope under direct vision using topical local anesthesia. Follow-up assessments included adverse events and efficacy via voiding diary and urodynamic testing at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months post-injection. An optional second injection was offered at the end of the 6 months visit. 20 patients received the first injection and all 20 patients requested and received a second injection. Median patient age was 65 years old (range 41-82 years). There were 16 male (80%) and 4 female (20%) patients. Etiology included 7 men (35%) with persistent urinary retention after transurethral resection of the prostate for benign prostatic hyperplasia and 13 patients (65%) with idiopathic chronic urinary retention. At the primary outcome time point of 12 months, 11/19 patients (58%) reported a global response assessment (GRA) ≥ 5, showing slight to marked improvement in their UAB symptoms, compared to 6/20 (30%) patients at 3 months post-injection. No serious procedure or treatment-related adverse events occurred. Noted improvements included: decreased post void residual urine volume, increased voiding efficiency, and decreased catheter use. Intradetrusor-injected AMDC as a treatment for UAB was successfully completed in a 20-patient trial without serious adverse event and with signal of efficacy. Cellular therapy may be a promising novel treatment for catheter-dependent chronic urinary retention. A multicenter controlled trial is needed to further assess the promise of regenerative medicine in the treatment of lower urinary tract dysfunction.

International urology and nephrology. 2021 Apr 11 [Epub ahead of print]

Jason Gilleran, Ananias C Diokno, Elijah Ward, Larry Sirls, Deborah Hasenau, Jennifer Giordano, Evelyn Shea, Sarah N Bartolone, Laura E Lamb, Michael B Chancellor

Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI, USA., Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI, USA. .