To assess the correlation of urine loss rate after catheter removal with long-term continence after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy.
We enrolled 163 patients on whom robot-assisted radical prostatectomy was carried out and whose urine loss rate we were able to evaluate after catheter removal. Urinary incontinence was evaluated from immediately after removal of the catheter to the date of discharge, and at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery. Urine loss rate was defined as the urine loss volume divided by the total urine volume.
The continence rates of patients with ≤1% urine loss rate on the day of catheter removal were 100% at 6 and 12 months after surgery. A multivariate analysis proved that ≤10% urine loss rate on the day of catheter removal was a significant predictor of continence at 3 months after surgery. Furthermore, the continence rate at 12 months of patients who did not achieve ≤10% urine loss rate on the day of catheter removal was 79.5%. Among them, the continence rate at 12 months of patients who achieved ≥15% urine loss rate improvement from the day of catheter removal to the next day was 95.2%; the factor differed significantly between the continence and incontinence groups at 12 months after surgery.
The urine loss rate on the day of catheter removal is significantly related to the acquisition of urinary continence. Furthermore, our findings suggest that long-term urinary continence can be expected, even in the event of poor urine loss rate on the day of catheter removal, if it improves on the next day.
International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association. 2021 Jan 28 [Epub ahead of print]
Tomoyuki Tatenuma, Kazuhide Makiyama, Yusuke Ito, Kentaro Muraoka, Hisashi Hasumi, Narihiko Hayashi, Keiichi Kondo, Noboru Nakaigawa, Masahiro Yao
Department of Urology, Yokohama City University Hospital, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan.