The impact of sacrospinous ligament fixation on pre-existing nocturia and co-existing pelvic floor dysfunction symptoms.

To evaluate whether nocturia and coexisting pelvic floor symptoms in women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) can be improved by ligamentous fixation of apical vaginal prolapse to the sacrospinous ligament.

We evaluated the PROPEL study data from 281 women with pelvic organ prolapse stage > 2. Bothersome nocturia and coexisting pelvic floor symptoms were assessed with the Pelvic Floor Disorder Inventory (PFDI) questionnaire preoperatively and at 6, 12 and 24 months after successful vaginal prolapse repair. Women with successful reconstruction (POP-Q stage < 1 at all compartments throughout the 2-year follow-up), defined as anatomical "responders," were compared to the anatomical "non-responders."

Among the patients completing all PFDI questions (N = 277), anatomical responders and non-responders were the groups of interest for our analysis. We found the occurrence rates of "moderate" or "quite a bit" of nocturia was significantly reduced after surgery in all subgroups (48.7% at baseline vs. 19.5% after 24 months). The occurrence of nocturia was halved for responders compared to non-responders (45.4% and 48.3% at baseline vs. 14% and 29.5% after 24 months). Anatomical non-responders still had a relevant improvement of POP-Q stages, especially in the apical compartment. Prevalence rates of co-existing over- and underactive bladder, fecal incontinence, defecation disorders and pain symptoms were also significantly reduced postoperatively.

Nocturia can be associated with symptomatic POP, with improvements seen following vaginal ligamentous prolapse repair. We caution providers, however, when advising patients of the possible resolution of nocturia following POP reconstruction, that all other traditional etiologies of nocturia must first be ruled out.

International urogynecology journal. 2020 Aug 11 [Epub ahead of print]

Maren Himmler, Aidana Rakhimbayeva, Suzette E Sutherland, Jan-Paul Roovers, Alexander Yassouridis, Bernhard Liedl

Department of Urology, University Medical Center Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. ., Center of Reconstructive Urogenital Surgery, Urologische Klinik Planegg, Planegg, Germany., Department of Urology, UW Medicine Pelvic Health Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA., Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands., Ethics Committee, Ludwig Maximilian University Munich, Munich, Germany., Department of Urology, University Medical Center Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

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