To evaluate the effect of adding low dose trospium chloride with transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation (TPTNS) in the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB) in females after failure of behavioral therapy.
We randomized 30 women with OAB, in two groups: G I received 30 min TPTNS, three times a week; GII received TPTNS plus 20 mg trospium chloride daily. OAB Symptom Score questionnaire (OABSS), Incontinence Impact Questionnaire-short form 7 (IIQ-7), 3 day voiding diary and urodynamics at weeks 0 and 8 were evaluated.
The groups were similar before treatment. Eight weeks after treatment, the mean OABSS decreased significantly to 8.53 ± 1.30 for group II vs 10.0 ± 2.0 for GI (P < 0.024). The mean IIQ-7 score decreased significantly to 51.86 ± 17.26 in group I vs 31.99 ± 9.26 in group II (P < 0.001). Before treatment, 11 (73.3%) and 4 (26.7%) patients in each group had moderate and poor quality of life (QoL), respectively. After treatment, 6 (40%) and 14 (93.3%) had good QoL, 7 (46.7%) and 1 (6.7%) had moderate QoL in GI and GII, respectively. Two (13.3%) patients in GI had poor QoL. The mean frequency was reduced to 8.60 ± 0.83 vs 10.60 ± 2.32 for GII and GI respectively (P = 0.006). The cystometric capacity increased from 263.40 ± 50.45 to 377.80 ± 112.92 mL (P = 0.001) for GII vs 250.13 ± 56.24 to 296.40 ± 99.0 mL (P = 0.026) for GI.
TPTNS combined with low dose trospium chloride proved to be more effective than TPTNS alone in the treatment of OAB in females.
Neurourology and urodynamics. 2017 Aug 09 [Epub ahead of print]
Amr Abulseoud, Ahmed Moussa, Gaber Abdelfattah, Ibrahim Ibrahim, Emmanuel Saba, Mohamed Hassouna
Department of Urology, Alexandria University Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt., Department of Physical Medicine, Rheumatology, and Rehabilitation, Alexandria University Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt.