The aim of this study was to establish if the management of women with overactive bladder (OAB) and patient-reported outcomes differed based on the findings of urodynamics (UDS).
A prospective, longitudinal observational study conducted in urogynaecology clinics in 22 UK hospitals participating in the Diagnostic Accuracy of Bladder Ultrasound Study (BUS). A total of 687 women with OAB symptoms or urgency-predominant mixed urinary incontinence were recruited into a diagnostic study that used UDS as the reference standard. Detailed clinical history and International Consultation on Incontinence OAB Short Form (ICIQ-OAB sf) questionnaire responses were obtained before the UDS test was carried out. These questionnaires were subsequently collected at a mean of 7 and 20 months, along with patient global impression of improvement and details on medical and surgical treatments. The relationship between UDS diagnosis and treatment was examined using a multinomial regression model; logistic and repeated measures regressions were used to examine other outcomes.
We recruited 687 women and the response rate was 69% at 20 months. Treatment subsequent to UDS was highly associated with diagnosis (p < 0.0001). Women who received treatment concordant with their UDS findings were more likely to report an improvement in bladder symptoms (57% vs 45%; p = 0.02) and ICIQ-OAB sf scores (0.5 points, 95%CI: 0.1 to 0.9; p = 0.02).
Urodynamics influenced treatment decisions made by clinicians in determining treatment pathways in women presenting with OAB. Women treated based on UDS diagnoses appear to have greater reductions in symptoms than those who do not.
International urogynecology journal. 2017 Jul 18 [Epub ahead of print]
Tina Sara Verghese, Lee J Middleton, Jane P Daniels, Jonathan J Deeks, Pallavi Manish Latthe
Institute of Metabolism and System Research, College of Medical & Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK. ., Birmingham Clinical Trials Unit, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK., Institute of Metabolism and System Research, College of Medical & Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK.