Does a history of bullying and abuse predict lower urinary tract symptoms, chronic pain, and sexual dysfunction?

To investigate associations of bullying and abuse with pelvic floor symptoms, urogenital pain, and sexual health characteristics of women presenting to a multidisciplinary women's urology center.

Retrospective review of a prospective database. Patients completed questions about bullying, abuse, sexual health and validated questionnaires including the Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Inventory (PFDI-20), Overactive Bladder Questionnaire (OAB-q), and visual analog scale (VAS 0-10) for genitourinary pain. Statistical analyses included Chi-squared and t tests, which compared victims of bullying and/or abuse to non-victims.

Three hundred and eighty patients were reviewed. Three hundred and thirty-eight had data on bullying and abuse history. Out of 380, 94 (24.7 %) reported that they were victims of bullying. Out of 380, 104 (27.4 %) reported that they were victims of abuse. Women with a history of bullying and abuse had increased overall pain scores compared to those without a history of either. Women with a history of abuse and bullying had increased PFDI-20, POPDI, and UDI-6 scores compared to women who were not bullied or abused. There was no difference in being sexually active or in sexual satisfaction between the groups. Patients with a history of abuse and bullying had the greatest percentage of dyspareunia (p = 0.009).

Women with a history of bullying, abuse, or both predict increased pelvic floor distress, urological symptoms, increased urogenital pain, and increased dyspareunia. Clinicians should screen for exposure to bullying or abuse in order to provide comprehensive resources to address these psychosocial issues.

International urology and nephrology. 2016 Aug 05 [Epub]

Tori Nault, Priyanka Gupta, Michael Ehlert, Emily Dove-Medows, Marlene Seltzer, Donna J Carrico, Jason Gilleran, Jamie Bartley, Kenneth M Peters, Larry Sirls

Oakland University, William Beaumont School of Medicine, Royal Oak, MI, USA., Department of Urology, William Beaumont Health System, 3535 West 13 Mile Rd, Suite 438, Royal Oak, MI, USA. ., Department of Urology, William Beaumont Health System, 3535 West 13 Mile Rd, Suite 438, Royal Oak, MI, USA.

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