Submucosal administration of onabotulinumtoxinA in the treatment of neurogenic detrusor overactivity: Pilot single-centre experience and comparison with standard injection into the detrusor - Abstract

Introduction: Apart from the standard intramural administration of botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT/A) to the detrusor, intense research is taking place into new means of administration in view of the complex mechanism of action of BoNT/A.

Methods: An open, randomised, prospective study was performed on a total of 23 patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity. Following randomisation, patients were treated with 300 U of onabotulinumtoxinA (onaBoNT/A) in either the submucosa or the detrusor. Urodynamic examinations were carried out, and a bladder diary was kept both prior to and 12 weeks after the treatment. All patients stopped taking anticholinergics 1 week prior to the treatment.

Results: In both the submucosa and detrusor groups, we recorded a significant improvement in the monitored urodynamic parameters and significant decreases in the frequency of urinary incontinence episodes following the treatment. A comparison of the two groups showed no significant difference between the two forms of application, with the exception of voided volume (p = 0.007).

Conclusion: A comparison of the two administration methods did not show any significant difference between onaBoNT/A administration to the submucosa and to the detrusor. Thus, the submucosal injection of onaBoNT/A represents an equally effective approach for its administration to patients.

Written by:
Sámal V, Mečl J, Srám J.   Are you the author?
Department of Urology, Regional Hospital Liberec, Liberec, Czech Republic.

Reference: Urol Int. 2013 Jun 14. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1159/000350247

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 23774308 Overactive Bladder (OAB) Section