Single dose pharmacokinetics and absolute bioavailability of mirabegron, a β3-adrenoceptor agonist for treatment of overactive bladder - Abstract

Background and Objectives:Mirabegron is a potent and selective β3-adrenoceptor agonist in development for treatment of overactive bladder.

Methods:Mirabegron pharmacokinetics after single intravenous (i.v.) and oral doses, absolute bioavailability (F), dose proportionality, sex differences and tolerability were assessed in 2 single-dose, open-label, randomized, parallel-group, cross-over studies in healthy men (exploratory Study 1, n = 12) and men and women (Study 2, n = 91).

Results:After oral dosing (25 - 150 mg), peak plasma concentrations were attained after ~ 4 h. Mean half-life was around 40 h for both routes of administration. Volume of distribution at steady state was 1,670 l and total clearance was around 57 l/h for i.v. dosing. Mirabegron pharmacokinetics were linear after i.v. dosing (7.5 - 50 mg), but exposure increased more than proportionally after oral dosing due to increased F (29% for 25 mg to 45% at 150 mg). About 20% of the (absorbed) dose was excreted unchanged into urine. Area under the curve (AUC) was 27% and 64% higher in females than males after i.v. and oral dosing respectively; differences were mostly attributed to body weight, and for oral dosing, also to F.

Conclusions: Mirabegron pharmacokinetics were linear after i.v. dosing (7.5 - 50 mg), but increased more than proportionally after oral dosing (25 - 150 mg) as a result of increased F. Sex differences in exposure could be explained by body weight and for oral dosing, also by F. Mirabegron was in general well tolerated up to the highest doses studied, 50 mg i.v. and 150 mg oral.

Written by:
Eltink C, Lee J, Schaddelee M, Zhang W, Kerbusch V, Meijer J, van Marle S, Grunenberg N, Kowalski D, Drogendijk T, Moy S, Iitsuka H, van Gelderen M, Matsushima H, Sawamoto T.   Are you the author?

Reference: Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2012 Sep 4. Epub ahead of print.


PubMed Abstract
PMID: 22943933

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