Etiology and pathogenesis of overactive bladder - Abstract

Klinik und Poliklinik für Urologie, Kinderurologie und Andrologie, Universitätsklinikum Gießen und Marburg GmbH, Standort Gießen, Deutschland.

Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, Rudolf-Buchheim-Straße 7, 35392, Gießen, Deutschland.



The symptom complex"overactive bladder" (OAB) affects more than 10% of adult individuals. The etiopathology is complex and multifactorial. Foremost, urinary tract infection, bladder cancer, foreign bodies, and history of radiation or intravesical instillation of chemotherapeutics must be excluded. In many cases, OAB is caused by neurogenic disorders that activate involuntary detrusor contractions (detrusor overactivity, DO). Also, non-neurogenic disorders such as bladder outlet obstruction or dysfunctions of the female pelvic floor/slack ligaments that affect the urothelium, suburothelium, detrusor and bladder afferents are substantially involved in the pathogenesis of OAB. Until now, circulatory disorders have not been adequately taken into consideration but seem to be another etiological factor that causes OAB. Henceforth, molecular changes of bladder afferents and circulatory disorders in patients suffering from OAB have to be investigated in more detail.

Article in German.

Written by:
Bschleipfer T, Wagenlehner F, Weidner W.   Are you the author?

Reference: Urologe A. 2011 Mar 16. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1007/s00120-011-2522-x

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 21424424 Overactive Bladder (OAB) Section



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