Real-World Adherence to and Persistence with Vibegron in Patients with Overactive Bladder: A Retrospective Claims Analysis.

Vibegron is a β3-adrenergic receptor agonist approved for overactive bladder (OAB). This analysis assessed real-world adherence and persistence with vibegron in patients with OAB, along with demographics and clinical characteristics associated with adherence and persistence.

This retrospective study used the Optum Research Database to identify patients treated with vibegron from April 2021 to August 2022 (identification period). Patients had ≥ 60 days of continuous pharmacy coverage in a commercial or Medicare Advantage plan following the index fill (follow-up). Adherence was assessed as proportion of days covered (PDC) from index to end of follow-up and was defined as PDC ≥ 80%. Persistence was measured as days to discontinuation of therapy (30-day gap) or end of follow-up. Data for adherence and persistence are presented descriptively. Characteristics associated with adherence and persistence were analyzed using multivariable models among patients with medical and pharmacy benefits during the 90 days before index (baseline).

Overall, 9992 patients had a vibegron claim during the identification period; 9712 had ≥ 2 months of follow-up. Mean (SD) age was 74.2 (10.7) years; 68.2% were female. Mean (SD) PDC was 0.64 (0.34). Median (95% confidence interval) persistence was 142 (132-153) days. Of the 5073 patients who were ≥ 18 years old with continuous baseline pharmacy and medical benefits ≥ 90 days before index, 2497 (49.2%) were adherent. Patients were more likely to be adherent and persistent if they received a greater days' supply for the index fill and had baseline medication count ≥ 6. Patients were more likely to discontinue if their index copay was > $45.

Nearly half of the patients initiating vibegron were adherent. Factors associated with adherence and persistence were more likely to be related to prescribing practices than patient characteristics. These results suggest it may be best to follow up with patients approximately 4 to 5 months after initiating treatment with vibegron.

Vibegron is a newer drug for treating overactive bladder. Vibegron was safe and worked well in clinical trials. However, there is no information on use of vibegron in a real-world population that is not a clinical trial. This study looked at how consistently and how long patients took vibegron after starting it. It also looked at what was common in patients who took vibegron consistently. To do this, the study used pharmacy prescription data from April 2021 to August 2022. It examined adherence to the study medication for each patient. Adherence is how many days patients had medication on hand compared to how long they were followed. The study also looked at persistence to the study medication. Persistence is how long a patient takes a medication before they stop taking it. Researchers then examined if there were reasons a patient may or may not take vibegron as prescribed. The study included prescription data for 9712 patients. The average age was 74 years and 68% of patients were female. Patients had their medication 64% of the time (adherence). On average, patients took their medication for 142 days before stopping (persistence). Patients had better adherence and persistence if they received a larger supply of medication at the pharmacy when first prescribed the medication and if they had more medications overall. Patients’ age and gender did not affect adherence and persistence. Vibegron may be a good option for patients with overactive bladder. Follow-up with a provider may be considered 4 to 5 months after starting vibegron.

Advances in therapy. 2024 Mar 23 [Epub ahead of print]

Benjamin Chastek, Adam Carrera, Christina Landis, Daniel Snyder, Laleh Abedinzadeh, Tim Bancroft, Jeffrey Nesheim, Michael Kennelly, David Staskin

Optum, Eden Prairie, MN, USA., Sumitomo Pharma America, Inc. (Formerly Urovant Sciences, Inc.), 84 Waterford Dr, Marlborough, MA, 01752, USA. ., Sumitomo Pharma America, Inc. (Formerly Urovant Sciences, Inc.), 84 Waterford Dr, Marlborough, MA, 01752, USA., Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, NC, USA., Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.