The Impact of Extracorporeal Magnetic Stimulation as Addition to Mirabegron in Overactive Bladder Treatment in Women: A Single-Centre Randomized Sham-Controlled Study.

(1) Background: The purpose of our prospective, single-blinded, randomized, sham-controlled study was to investigate the effect of the additional extracorporeal magnetic stimulation (ExMI) to pharmacological treatment in overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) in women. (2) Methods: We recruited 56 women with OAB, who were allocated into two study groups: the active group received mirabegron 50 mg daily and a total of 16 sessions of ExMI in 8 weeks, whereas the sham group received mirabegron 50 mg daily and sham stimulation following the same treatment protocol. Treatment success was evaluated after 4 and 8 weeks. (3) Results: Both groups experienced significant reduction in daytime urinary frequency, nocturia, and number of weekly incontinence episodes after 8 weeks. There were no statistically significant differences in end-point daytime urinary frequency and nocturia between groups. However, the overall average reduction rate in weekly number of incontinence episodes was 43.7% in treatment group and 24.2% in the control group. The number of urinary incontinence episodes in the treatment and control group was reduced for 3.8 ± 11.8 vs. 2.5 ± 4.3 episodes at week 4 and additional 3.3 ± 6 vs. 0.4 ± 3.2 episodes at week 8, respectively (p = 0.013). Moreover, IIQ-7 score showed a significantly greater score reduction and patients' evaluated improvement of symptoms was higher in the active group. (4) Conclusions: The addition of ExMI to mirabegron in OAB treatment further improves the weekly incontinence episode reduction rate and also leads to grater improvement in symptoms.

Journal of clinical medicine. 2024 Feb 05*** epublish ***

Uros Bele, Tamara Serdinšek, Evgenija Homšak, Igor But

Medical Faculty, University of Maribor, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia.