Lower urinary tract symptoms are elevated with depression in Japanese women.

Depression might worsen lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), but the correlation is still disputed. This study examined the influence of depression on LUTS in Japanese women.

This study used a web-based questionnaire to evaluate the mental status of depression and LUTS. The mental status of depression was evaluated using the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Japanese version (QIDS-J), and LUTS was assessed based on the Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS) and responses to the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form.

A total of 4151 of 5400 (76.9%) women responded to the questionnaire. The mean age was 48.3 ± 13.8 years. The OABSS gradually increased with the QIDS-J score. The incidence of overactive bladder (OAB) and urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) also increased along with the QIDS-J score. In the younger age group (20-39 years old), the risks of OAB and UUI were higher than in the elderly group (7.42 for OAB and 7.44 for UUI).

This study revealed that worsening of LUTS was correlated with depression.

Lower urinary tract symptoms. 2023 Mar 30 [Epub ahead of print]

Sahoko Ninomiya, Takashi Kawahara, Sohgo Tsutsumi, Hiroki Ito, Kazuhide Makiyama, Hiroji Uemura

Departments of Urology and Renal Transplantation, Yokohama City University Medical Center, Yokohama, Japan., Department of Urology, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.