To assess the diagnostic concordance of overactive bladder (OAB) and detrusor overactivity (DO) in male patients with predominant storage lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and evaluate their clinical and urodynamic profile according to DO presence and degree of obstruction.
Epidemiological, cross-sectional multicenter study. A 3-day bladder diary (3dBD), International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and Bladder Control Self-Assessment Questionnaire (B-SAQ) questionnaires were analyzed. Prostate volume was determined by ultrasound. Urodynamic study (UDS) tests were performed. The prevalence of OAB and DO and the degree of clinical concordance (kappa index) were investigated. Descriptive analysis of clinical variables and UDS results was performed, followed by comparisons based on the presence of DO and degree of obstruction.
A total of 445 patients were included. The mean age was (SD) 54.8 (9.9) years. According to 3dBD, 89.9% presented increased urinary frequency, 87.9% nocturia, 72.1% urgency, and 31.9% urge urinary incontinence (UUI). Obstruction was present in 36.8%. Concomitant OAB and DO were present in 54.5%. The degree of diagnostic concordance between OAB and DO was low (κ = 0.1772). There were more patients with DO presenting urgency (3dBD and B-SAQ; p < 0.001), UUI (3dBD; p = 0.008) and nocturia (B-SAQ; p < 0.001). Differences were found in terms of prostate volume, IPSS-voiding, maximum flow (Qmax) and post-void residual (p < 0.05) according to the obstruction degree.
Approximately 50% of male patients aged 18-65 years old with predominant storage LUTS, referred to specialized units, have both OAB and DO. Obstruction is present on 1/3. Diagnostic concordance between OAB and DO is poor.
Actas urologicas espanolas. 2021 Nov 27 [Epub ahead of print]
M Esteban-Fuertes, L Prieto-Chaparro, S Arlandis-Guzmán, J Salinas-Casado, J L Gago-Ramos, Grupo IFU
Hospital Nacional de Parapléjicos, Toledo, Spain. Electronic address: ., Hospital General Universitario de Alicante, Alicante, Spain., Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, Valencia, Spain., Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain., Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol y Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Badalona, Barcelona, Spain.