Efficacy of mirabegron, a β3 -adrenoreceptor agonist, in Japanese women with overactive bladder and either urgency urinary incontinence or mixed urinary incontinence: Post-hoc analysis of pooled data from two randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind s

To confirm if mirabegron 50 mg shows efficacy in women with overactive bladder and either urgency urinary incontinence or mixed urinary incontinence versus placebo.

Post-hoc analyses were carried out using pooled data from a Japanese phase IIb and a phase III study. The primary efficacy end-point was baseline to end-of-treatment change in the mean number of micturitions/24 h. The secondary end-points were changes in the mean voided volume/micturition, mean number of urgency and incontinence episodes/24 h, and mean number of nocturia episodes/night. Other end-points were quality of life and incontinence normalization rates.

Women with urgency urinary incontinence (placebo n  = 204, mirabegron n = 214) and mixed urinary incontinence (placebo n = 122, mirabegron n = 139) were included. Change in mean micturitions/24 h at end-of-treatment for mirabegron was statistically significant versus placebo in both populations; the effect size increased over time. For all secondary end-points, median changes for mirabegron were statistically significant versus placebo at end-of-treatment, except for nocturia for the urgency urinary incontinence population and urgency for the mixed urinary incontinence population. Mirabegron showed larger improvements versus placebo in all quality-of-life domains, except for general health perception in the urgency urinary incontinence population. Incontinence normalization rates for mirabegron were 47.2% and 49.6% in the urgency urinary incontinence and mixed urinary incontinence populations, respectively, versus 42.6% and 39.3% for placebo.

Mirabegron 50 mg significantly improved key overactive bladder symptoms versus placebo in women with urgency urinary incontinence, and it also improved most overactive bladder symptoms, including micturition frequency, in patients with mixed urinary incontinence. These findings support the benefits of using mirabegron in the female overactive bladder wet population.

International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association. 2021 Oct 04 [Epub ahead of print]

Satoru Takahashi, Yuji Mishima, Kentaro Kuroishi, Masashi Ukai

Department of Urology, Nihon University, Japan., Medical Affairs, Astellas Pharma Inc., Japan., Data Science, Development, Astellas Pharma Inc., Tokyo, Japan.

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