Overactive bladder syndrome - focus onto detrusor overactivity.

To determine in patients with overactive bladder (OAB), urodynamic differences as well to compare the characteristics of patient's, with presence of detrusor overactivity on urodynamics with those with absence of detrusor overactivity.

Taking into account the urodynamic findings, the patients with OAB symptoms were categorized into one of two groups: group 1 (with detrusor overactivity) or group 2 (without detrusor overactivity), and comparative analyses for both groups were performed (epidemiological data, patient history, urodynamic criteria, bladder diaries, IC-OAB, IC-OABqol - questionnaires).

There was a significant difference in age as well in the disease duration between group 1 and group 2. Although the mean number of micturitions and nocturia episodes was comparable, the numbers of urgency episodes differed significantly. The number of 'wet' patients was significantly higher in the group 1 with the significantly higher number of incontinence episodes. Group 1 demonstrated higher OAB symptom scores and higher impact on the patients' quality of life.

More than half of the patients complaining of urgency-frequency do not have detrusor overactivity upon urodynamic testing, and only half have detrusor overactivity that correlates with urge perception. The patients with no detrusor overactivity appear to be significantly younger and have fewer symptoms, with a less pronounced impact on quality of life. They also have significantly higher maximal bladder capacity. This data supports the hypothesis that both conditions are different phases (early and late) of the same pathological state, or may be two different subtypes of OAB.

Scandinavian journal of urology. 2020 Oct 29 [Epub ahead of print]

Taras Ptashnyk, Martin Hatzinger, Federico L Zeller, Ruth Kirschner-Hermanns

Department of Urology, Diakonissen Hospital, Mannheim, Germany., Clinic of Urology/Neuro-Urology, University Clinic Rheinischen Friedrich-Wilhelms Universität Bonn and Neurologisches Rehabilitationszentrum Godeshoehe e.V. Bonn, Bonn, Germany.