Protocol for a multicenter randomized, double blind, controlled pilot trial of higher neural function in overactive bladder patients after anticholinergic, beta-3 adrenergic agonist, or placebo.

Overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome has a negative impact on quality of life and prevalence increases with advanced age. Anticholinergics (AC) and beta-3 adrenergic agonists (β3a) are commonly prescribed medications for treatment of OAB. AC medication has been associated with dementia in population studies and with cortical atrophy in imaging studies. Higher neural effects of both classes of OAB medications have not been evaluated with functional neuroimaging. Longitudinal clinical assessments of cognition after OAB therapy with AC has produced conflicting results. β3a medication is has not been associated with dementia in clinical studies; however, higher neural effects are unknown.Our multicenter, double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial uses functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and cognitive testing to evaluate the effects of AC and β3a on brain functional connectivity in females with non-neurogenic OAB.

and analysis: Female patients with OAB symptoms ages 50-90 years old without baseline cognitive impairment, moderate to severe depression or anxiety, neurologic disorders, or significant incomplete bladder emptying are invited to participate. Subjects are randomized to one of three interventions for 29 ± 1 day: AC (Solifenacin succinate, Teva), β3a (Mirabegron, Myrbetriq, Astellas), or placebo. Functional neuroimaging data at baseline and post-intervention will be analyzed accordingly. Clinical cognitive assessments will be compared from baseline to post-intervention.

All qualifying patients are properly consented before enrolling in this study that has been approved by the Institutional Review Board of participating institutions.

Contemporary clinical trials communications. 2020 Jul 14*** epublish ***

Rachel A High, Jill M Danford, Zhaoyue Shi, Christof Karmonik, Thomas J Kuehl, Erin T Bird, Rose Khavari

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor Scott and White Health, 2401 South 31st Street, Temple, TX, 76508, USA., Department of Urology, Baylor Scott and White Health, 2401 South 31st Street, Temple, TX, 76508, USA., Department of MRI Core, Methodist Research Institute, 6670 Bertner Ave, Houston, TX, 77030, USA., Department of Urology, Methodist Hospital, 6560 Fannin St. Ste 2100, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

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