Overactive bladder (OAB) is a prevalent disorder that increases with age and impairs patients' quality of life. Guidelines recommend behavior modifications as the first-line treatment; however, physiotherapy has also been used with success, safety, and low cost.
Transcutaneous tibial nerve electrical stimulation (TTNS) and vaginal electrical stimulation (VS) are being used in clinical physiotherapy practice. This study aimed to verify whether the addition of VS to TTNS is more beneficial than TTNS alone for women with OAB.
In all, 106 women aged >18 years diagnosed with OAB or mixed urinary incontinence with prevalent OAB symptoms were randomly divided into 2 groups: Group 1: TTNS (n = 52); Group 2: TTNS + VS (n = 54). The 3 day voiding diary, pelvic floor muscle strength (Ortiz Scale), King's Health Questionnaire, and Overactive Bladder Questionnaire were assessed before and after treatment. Urinary frequency was considered the primary outcome, and a reduction of ≥ 3 micturitions/day was considered clinically relevant. Mixed linear models were used to compare the 2groups.
Initially, the groups were similar in age, body mass index, number of pregnancies, time of OAB onset, and prevalence of OAB symptoms. After treatment, a reduction in urinary frequency of 1.5 micturitions was observed in Group 2, which was not clinically relevant despite being statistically significant.
The addition of VS to TTNS for the treatment of OAB was not more effective than TTNS as a single therapy.
Actas urologicas espanolas. 2020 Jul 10 [Epub ahead of print]
F Bacchi Ambrosano Giarreta, J Milhem Haddad, H C Souza de Carvalho Fusco, E Chada Baracat, R A Casarotto, E Alves Gonçalves Ferreira
Departamento de Fisioterapia, Fonoaudiología y Terapia Ocupacional, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil. Electronic address: ., Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil., Departamento de Fisioterapia, Fonoaudiología y Terapia Ocupacional, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.