This randomized, multicenter, placebo-controlled, phase IV study assessed the efficacy and tolerability of onabotulinumtoxinA in patients with overactive bladder.
Patients were randomized 1:1 to onabotulinumtoxinA 100 U or placebo. Assessments over 12 weeks included: change from baseline in urinary incontinence (UI) episodes/day; proportions of patients who achieved 100% and 50% or greater reductions in UI episodes/day; proportion of patients using no incontinence pads in the previous 24 hours; and changes from baseline in micturition frequency, nocturia, urgency UI, Incontinence-Quality of Life, King's Health Questionnaire, International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-UI Short Form scores and time to request retreatment.
Significant reductions in UI episodes/day were seen with onabotulinumtoxinA versus placebo within week 1 posttreatment (-2.9 vs -2.0, P = 0.005) through week 12 (coprimary endpoint: -3.5 vs -1.6, P < 0.001). Significantly more onabotulinumtoxinA-treated patients achieved 100% (coprimary endpoint) and 50% or greater reductions in UI episodes/day. Decreases in other urinary symptoms were also seen within 1 week with onabotulinumtoxinA that continued through at least week 12. More onabotulinumtoxinA-treated versus placebo-treated patients required no incontinence pads at weeks 1 to 12, and greater improvements in quality of life measurements were seen. Time to request retreatment was significantly longer with onabotulinumtoxinA versus placebo (30.0 weeks vs 13.1 weeks; P < 0.001). No unexpected safety signals were observed. Urinary tract infection was the most commonly observed adverse event.
Urinary symptom and quality of life improvements were observed with onabotulinumtoxinA within 1 week of treatment and were sustained for at least 12 weeks.
Female pelvic medicine & reconstructive surgery. 2020 Jul 13 [Epub ahead of print]
Kurt McCammon, Angelo Gousse, Alfred Kohan, David Glazier, Jennifer Gruenenfelder, Zhanying Bai, Anand Patel, Douglass Hale
From the Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA., Memorial Hospital Miramar, Miramar, FL., Advanced Urology Centers of New York, Bethpage, NY., Virginia Urology for Women, Richmond, VA., Orange County Urology Associates, Laguna Hills, CA., Allergan plc, Madison, NJ., Allergan plc, Marlow, United Kingdom., Urogynecology Associates, PC, Indianapolis, IN.