Factors Associated With Long-Term Use of Percutaneous Tibial Nerve Stimulation for Management of Overactive Bladder Syndrome.

The aims of the study were to estimate the rate of percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation maintenance therapy (PTNS-MT) among women with overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) and evaluate factors associated with long-term use of PTNS.

Patients who completed 12 weekly sessions of PTNS (PTNS-IN) for OAB between 2009 and 2016 within the Kaiser Permanente Northern California were identified using Current Procedural Terminology and International Classification of Diseases codes. Bivariate analysis was performed to compare demographic and clinical variables. A logistic regression model was used to determine factors associated with PTNS-MT compared with the use of alternative treatments following PTNS-IN.

Of the 1331 patients who initiated PTNS for OAB, 347 (26%) completed PTNS-IN. Of these, 46% (n = 158) continued with long-term PTNS therapy, defined as completion of at least 8 additional PTNS sessions for a 32-week period. On bivariate analysis, those choosing PTNS-MT were more likely to be white (88%, P < 0.0001), nondiabetic (89%, P = 0.03), did not use anticholinergics before PTNS initiation (41%, P = 0.04), and had no prior surgery for stress incontinence (SUI; 84%, P = 0.01). In multivariable analysis, race was a significant factor with black, Hispanic, and Asian women less likely to continue with PTNS-MT. Women with prior use of first-line OAB therapy were 78% more likely to undergo PTNS-MT. Women with prior surgery for SUI were 53% less likely to continue PTNS-MT.

Almost half of patients who completed PTNS-IN continued with PTNS-MT. White race, prior use of first-line OAB therapy, and no prior surgery for SUI were associated with long-term therapy.

Female pelvic medicine & reconstructive surgery. 2020 Jul 06 [Epub ahead of print]

Toya Gordon, Maqdooda Merchant, Olga Ramm, Minita Patel

From the Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Kaiser Permanente East Bay-University of San Francisco., Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California., Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Kaiser Permanente Oakland Medical Center, Oakland., Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Kaiser Permanente Roseville Medical Center, Roseville, CA.

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