Comparison of vascularization and overall perfusion of the bladder wall between women with and without overactive bladder syndrome.

The pathophysiology of female overactive bleeder syndrome (OAB) remains undetermined. Our aim is to elucidate the role of vacularization and overall perfusion of the bladder wall in women with OAB. Between 2010 and 2016, women with OAB and the asymptomatic controls were enrolled. Women with OAB were treated with tolterodine. Women with OAB (n = 40) had higher vascularization index (0.40 ± 0.57 versus 0.17 ± 0.22, p = 0.003), vascularization-flow index (0.15 ± 0.28 versus 0.05 ± 0.08, p = 0.003) and thicker trigone (0.56 ± 0.13 cm versus 0.47 ± 0.11 cm, p = 0.004), compared with the controls (n = 34). The following optimum cut-off values to predict OAB were determined: (1) vascularization index (%) ≥ 0.16, (2) vascularization-flow index ≥ 0.032, and (3) trigone bladder wall thickness ≥ 0.47 cm with an area under the curve of 0.71, 0.71 and 0.70, respectively. Correlation analysis showed that a significant correlation between urgency and vascularization index/vascularization-flow index (Spearman's rho = 0.34 and 0.35, respectively, all p < 0.01). However, after 12 weeks of tolterodine treatment, the vascularization index, flow index and vascularization-flow index did not differ between baseline and after treatment. In conclusion, women with OAB have higher vascularization and overall perfusion of the bladder wall, compared women without OAB. However, vascularization and overall perfusion did not change after antimuscarinic treatment.

Scientific reports. 2020 May 05*** epublish ***

Sheng-Mou Hsiao, Jin-Chung Shih, Chien-Nan Lee, Ho-Hsiung Lin

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, Banqiao, New Taipei, Taiwan. ., Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine and Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan., Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, Banqiao, New Taipei, Taiwan.

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