To explore the efficacy and safety of Yun's optimized pelvic floor training (OPFT) therapy for idiopathic moderate overactive bladder (OAB) with female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in young and middle-aged women.
Eighty 25－45 years old women with idiopathic moderate OAB companied by FSD were randomized into an experimental and a control group of equal number, the former treated by 6 weeks of Yun's OPFT therapy, followed by a 2-week washout period and then another 6 weeks of traditional pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME), while the latter by 6 weeks of traditional PFME, followed by a 2-week washout period also and then another 6 weeks of Yun's OPFT. At 0, 6 and 14 weeks, we recorded the scores on overactive bladder symptoms (OABS), patient perception of bladder condition (PPBC), Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI-6) and Incontinence Impact Questionnaire-7 (IIQ-7), pelvic floor muscle strength, voided volume (VV), average urinary flow rate (Qavg), maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax) and postvoid residual urine volume (PVR), female sexual function index (FSFI), sexual satisfaction of the male partners and adverse events, and compared the parameters obtained between the two groups of patients.
Thirty-eight of the patients in the experimental group and 29 controls completed the experiment. There were no statistically significant differences in the baseline data between the two groups (P > 0.05). After 6 and 14 weeks of treatment, the effectiveness rate was decreased from 71% to 58% in the experimental group, but increased from 45% to 72% in the control. Significant improvement was achieved in the experimental group in the OABS, PPBC, UDI-6 and IIQ-7 scores, pelvic floor muscle strength, VV, Qavg, Qmax, FSFI and sexual satisfaction of the male partners at 6 weeks as compared with the baseline (P < 0.05), and even more significant at 14 weeks than at 6 (P < 0.05), and so was it in the control group in the PPBC and IIQ-7 scores, VV, Qmax and sexual satisfaction of the male partners at 6 weeks (P < 0.05), and more significant in the OABS, PPBC, UDI-6 and IIQ-7 scores, pelvic floor muscle strength, FSFI and sexual satisfaction of the male partners at 14 than at 6 weeks (P < 0.05). The patients of the experimental group showed remarkably more improvement than the controls in the OABS, PPBC, UDI-6 and IIQ-7 scores, pelvic floor muscle strength, FSFI and sexual satisfaction of the male partners at 6 weeks (P < 0.05), while the control group exhibited significantly better improved OABS, PPBC, UDI-6 and IIQ-7 scores, pelvic floor muscle strength, VV, Qmax, PVR and FSFI than the experimental group at 14 weeks (P < 0.05). No serious adverse reactions were observed during the treatment.
Yun's OPFT therapy can improve the symptoms of moderate OAB with FSD in young and middle-aged women, with significantly better effects than traditional pelvic floor muscle exercises.
Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology. 2019 Aug [Epub]
Wei Jiao, Chao-Liang Shi, Jia-Yang He, Deng-Long Wu, Guo-Wei Shi, Yang-Yun Wang
Department of Urology, Shanghai Fifth People's Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200240, China., Department of Urology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai 200065, China.