Risk of psychiatric disorders in overactive bladder syndrome: a nationwide cohort study in Taiwan

Population-based cohort study investigating the risk of depression and other psychiatric disorders for patients with overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome is unavailable. This study investigated the subsequent risk of psychiatric disorders among patients with OAB in an Asian population. Using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan, we established a cohort with 811 patients in an exposed group with OAB between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2000, and a non-exposed group, without OAB, of 2433 patients without OAB matched by age and year of diagnosis. The occurrence of psychiatric disorders and Cox regression model measured adjusted HRs (aHR) were monitored until the end of 2013. The overall incidence of psychiatric disorders was 41.7% higher in the exposed group with OAB than in the non-exposed group without OAB (14.2% vs 10.1%, p<0.001), with an aHR of 1.34 (95% CI 1.12 to 1.80, p<0.001) for the OAB cohort. OAB was associated with the increased risk of dementia, anxiety, depressive, sleep, and psychotic disorders, with aHRs as 1.53 (p=0.040), 1.61 (p<0.001), 2.10 (p<0.001), 1.43 (p<0.001), and 2.49 (p=0.002), respectively. The risk of psychiatric disorders, including depression and anxiety, is significantly higher in patients with OAB than in those without OAB. Evaluation of psychiatric status in patients with OAB is strongly recommended.

Journal of investigative medicine : the official publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research. 2018 Oct 01 [Epub ahead of print]

Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Hsin-An Chang, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Yu-Chen Kao, Hui-Wen Yeh, Chin-Bin Yeh, Wei-Shan Chiang, San-Yuan Huang, Ru-Band Lu, Wu-Chien Chien

Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Republic of China., Department of Medical Research, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Republic of China.