To assess associations between anterior and/or fundal uterine leiomyoma and overactive bladder syndrome.
The present cohort study recruited women diagnosed with fundal/anterior uterine leiomyoma by standardized transvaginal ultrasonography at the Medical University of Vienna, Austria, between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2013, in addition to an age-matched control group of women without uterine leiomyoma. The International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Overactive Bladder Module (ICIQ-OAB) was mailed to all eligible participants. The main outcome was the ICIQ-OAB sum score.
Among 304 questionnaires sent out, 129 were returned. After the exclusion of incomplete datasets, 80 women were included in the analysis (uterine leiomyoma group, 43; control group, 37). The mean ± SD ICIQ-OAB sum score was 9.7 ± 10.2 for women with uterine leiomyoma and 4.2 ± 5.3 for women in the control group; thus, the ICIQ-OAB sum score was on average 5.5 points higher in the uterine leiomyoma group (P=0.003). The Spearman correlation coefficient between the total volume of leiomyoma per woman and the ICIQ-OAB sum score was 0.072 (P=0.645).
The study found a significant association between anterior and/or fundal leiomyoma and overactive bladder syndrome. The presence of uterine leiomyoma should be ruled out during the evaluation of overactive bladder.
International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics. 2018 Jun 03 [Epub ahead of print]
Marianne Koch, Tina Rauchenwald, Danijel Kivaranovic, Stephanie Schwab, Wolfgang Umek, Heinz Koelbl, Michael Rauchenwald, Samir Helmy
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical Division of General Gynecology and Gynecologic Oncology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria., Center for Medical Statistics, Informatics and Intelligent Systems, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria., Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. Josef Spital, Vienna, Austria., Department of Urology and Andrology, Sozialmedizinisches Zentrum Ost- Donauspital, Vienna, Austria.