Effects of Overactive Bladder Symptoms in Stroke Patients' Health Related Quality of Life and Their Performance Scale

To identify the effects of overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in stroke patients since OAB symptoms are common in such patients, but their effects on stroke rehabilitation over time are unclear.

This study included 30 post-acute stroke patients who had been admitted for rehabilitation treatments. All participants completed a questionnaire evaluating urinary symptoms, including the Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS) and general HRQOL with a Short-Form 36 (SF-36) health survey. We assessed their performance in terms of the Function Ambulation Category, Modified Rankin Scale (MRS), Modified Barthel Index, and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). All assessments were carried out twice at baseline and at 3 months. We divided patients into an OAB and non-OAB group with OABSS. A correlation analysis and multivariate regression were then performed.

All performance scales showed an improvement over 3 months in the non-OAB group (n=18; p<0.02), but, MRS and MMSE scores did not improve significantly in the OAB group (n=12) (p=0.15 and p=0.20, respectively). In the OAB group, the vitality and mental health scores significantly decreased over 3 months (p=0.011 and p=0,041, respectively), and the mental component summary (MCS) score showed a marginal decrease over 3 months (p=0.05). A multivariate regression analysis revealed that OAB symptoms were negatively correlated with the 3 months MCS score (B=-8.15, p=0.034).

These results indicated that OAB symptoms could have negative effects on HRQOL and performance in patients suffering from a stroke.

Annals of rehabilitation medicine. 2017 Dec 28 [Epub]

Hannah Pyo, Bo Ra Kim, Mina Park, Jeong Hee Hong, Eun Joo Kim

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Rehabilitation Center, Seoul, Korea., Department of Urology, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea.