Outcomes of microsurgical vasovasostomy for vasectomy reversal: A meta-analysis and systematic review - Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published literature evaluating vasovasostomy for vasectomy reversal outcomes.

METHODS: We conducted a review of English language articles describing results of microscopic vasovasostomy for vasectomy reversal. Two reviewers independently examined the studies for eligibility and evaluated data from each study. Meta-analysis was performed using a random effects model.

RESULTS: Thirty-one studies with 6633 patients met inclusion criteria. Mean patient age at time of vasectomy reversal was 38.9 years with a mean obstructive interval of 7.2 years. The mean postprocedure patency and pregnancy rates weighted by sample size were 89.4% and 73.0%, respectively. A meta-analysis comparing an obstructive interval (OI) of < 10 years to an OI of at least 10 years duration produced a pooled incidence ratios (IR; meta-IR) of 1.17 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.09-1.25) for patency and 1.24 (95% CI, 1.12-1.38) for pregnancy. Incidence of patency for modified 1-layer technique was similar to that after a 2-layer procedure with a meta-IR of 1.04 (95% CI, 1.00-1.08). Because of a small number of relevant studies, a meta-analysis for other predictors of success such as sperm granuloma, quality of vasal fluid, and female factors was not feasible.

CONCLUSION: We found no statistically significant difference in vasovasostomy outcomes when comparing the impact of single vs multilayer anastomoses. Patients with an OI < 10 years showed higher patency and pregnancy rates compared with those with an OI ≥10 years. Uniform definitions of patency are necessary to characterize success and standardize outcome reporting.

Written by:
Herrel LA, Goodman M, Goldstein M, Hsiao W.   Are you the author?
Department of Urology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA; Department of Epidemiology, Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA; Department of Male Reproductive Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, School of Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Urology, Oakland Medical Center, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.

Reference: Urology. 2015 Apr;85(4):819-25.
doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2014.12.023

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25817104

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