Using the UPOINT system to manage men with chronic pelvic pain syndrome.

: To outline our approach for the evaluation and management of patients with chronic prostatitis and chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) based on our interpretation and application of currently available evidence.

: CP/CPPS in men is a medical condition that plagues both the patient and the practitioner, as it is widely believed to be poorly understood and difficult to treat. While pelvic pain is typically the predominant symptom, many men may exhibit voiding symptoms, sexual dysfunction and psychiatric complaints. Still, most studies of CP/CPPS management have evaluated singular treatments, without focussing on individual patients' clinical phenotypes. This is a clinically practical mini-review based on the authors' interpretation and application of currently available evidence related to management of CP/CPPS.

: Patient evaluation should consist of history and physical examination (with focus on the genitourinary and digital rectal examination), laboratory tests (including urine analysis and urine culture with consideration of pre- and post-prostate massage urine cultures), post-void residual, and questionnaires including the National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptoms Index, which helps assess symptom severity and treatment response. Once CP/CPPS is diagnosed, the UPOINT phenotype system, which classifies patients into six domains: Urinary, Psychosocial, Organ Specific, Infectious, Neurological/systemic and Tenderness of skeletal muscles, is used to guide treatment. Each domain is characterised by specific complaints and thus is responsive to distinct treatments. As patients may be grouped into multiple domains, each patient's overall multimodal treatment can vary.

: Using the UPOINT phenotype system is a holistic approach that can yield significant benefits for patients with CP/CPPS.

Arab journal of urology. 2021 Jul 23*** epublish ***

Darren J Bryk, Daniel A Shoskes

Department of Urology, Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, USA.

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