Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome Leads to Impaired Semen Parameters, Increased Sperm DNA Fragmentation and Unfavorable Changes of Sperm Protamine mRNA Ratio.

Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a frequent disease affecting men of every age and accounting for a great number of consultations at urology departments. Previous studies suggested a negative impact of CP/CPPS on fertility. As increasing attention has been attributed to additional aspects, such as sperm DNA integrity and sperm protein alterations, besides the WHO standard semen analysis when assessing male fertility, in this prospective study, we aimed to further characterize the fertility status in CP/CPPS patients with a focus on these parameters.

Sperm DNA fragmentation measured by sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) and protamine 1 to protamine 2 mRNA ratio assessed by RT-qPCR were analyzed along with conventional ejaculate parameters and inflammatory markers in 41 CP/CPPS patients and 22 healthy volunteers.

We found significant differences between the groups concerning multiple conventional ejaculate parameters. A significant increase in sperm DNA fragmentation was shown in CP/CPPS patients with association to other sperm parameters. The majority of CP/CPPS patients exhibited protamine mRNA ratios out of the range of regular fertility.

This is a pioneering study with a strong practical orientation revealing that CP/CPPS leads to increased sperm DNA damage and changes in sperm protamine levels, emphasizing an unfavorable impact of CP/CPPS on fertility.

International journal of molecular sciences. 2021 Jul 23*** epublish ***

Elena Berg, Petr Houska, Nils Nesheim, Hans-Christian Schuppe, Adrian Pilatz, Monika Fijak, Marc Manthey, Klaus Steger, Florian Wagenlehner, Undraga Schagdarsurengin

Clinic of Urology, Pediatric Urology and Andrology, Justus-Liebig-University, 35392 Giessen, Germany., Institute of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiochemistry, Molecular Diagnostics, Justus-Liebig-University, 35392 Giessen, Germany., Unit of Reproductive Biology, Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Justus-Liebig-University, 35392 Giessen, Germany.