Priapism is defined as a full or partial erection lasting longer than 4 hours after sexual stimulation and orgasm or unrelated to sexual stimulation. The main goal of priapism management is to resolve the episode immediately to preserve erectile function and penile length. Corporal smooth muscle necrosis is likely to have already occurred, and medically refractory erectile dysfunction is expected in patients with a protracted episode. Penile prosthesis implantation (PPI) in the early or late phase of priapism can restore erectile function.
To review the literature on PPI in priapism.
A PubMed search of all English-language articles published before 2017 was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement using the following search terms: penile prosthesis implantation, priapism, and corporal fibrosis. All publications reporting on PPI during or after priapism episodes were included for review.
Three types of priapism were reviewed for management using PPI. Surgical techniques, outcomes, and patient satisfaction were reported.
Early implantation (during the episode) is technically easier and has lower complication rates compared with delayed (electively, after the erectile dysfunction is observed) surgery. Immediate PPI also allows preservation of penile length, which is related to higher satisfaction rates.
The paradigm is shifting toward immediate PPI in the management of ischemic priapism. Patients with non-ischemic priapism or recurrent priapism, even without a major ischemic episode, are at high risk for erectile dysfunction and are candidates for PPI. Yücel ÖB, Pazir Y, Kadıoğlu A. Penile Prosthesis Implantation in Priapism. Sex Med Rev 2017;X:XXX-XXX.
Sexual medicine reviews. 2017 Sep 12 [Epub ahead of print]
Ömer Barış Yücel, Yaşar Pazır, Ateş Kadıoğlu
Department of Urology, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey., Department of Urology, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: .