The incidence of erectile dysfunction (ED) is on the increase and it is estimated that it will affect about 322 million men globally by the year 2025 if adequate measures are not taken to curb it. Natural polyphenols in plant based diets have gained public interest in recent times due to their roles in the prevention of various disease that implicate free radicals/reactive oxygen species and recently on ED. However, the role of polyphenols in the management of ED has not been explored due perhaps to limited data available. Hence this study which reviewed the role of dietary polyphenols in the management of ED and their mechanisms of action. Literature search was carried out in several electronic data bases such as Pubmed, Google Scholar, Medline, Agora and Hinari from1972 to 2016 to identify the current status of knowledge on the role of polyphenols in the management of erectile dysfunction. Progress made so far in this direction suggests inhibition of arginase, acetylcholinesterase, angiotensin converting enzyme, rho-kinase II; activation of endothelial and neuronal NO synthase; decreased synthesis of luteinizing hormone and testosterone reduction; activation of silent information regulator 2-related enzymes (sirtuin1) as well as free radical/reactive oxygen species inhibition as the mechanisms through which the polyphenols identified in this review exert beneficial roles in the management of ED.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie. 2017 Jan 28 [Epub ahead of print]
Chinedum Eleazu, Nwite Obianuju, Kate Eleazu, Winner Kalu
Federal University, Ndufu-Alike, Ikwo, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Electronic address: ., Federal University, Ndufu-Alike, Ikwo, Ebonyi State, Nigeria., Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria., Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria.