Erectile dysfunction (ED) is often a reason for consultation revealing the existence of cardiovascular risk factors. The objective of this study was to determine the cardiovascular risk factors associated with ED in the Dakar region.
A descriptive and analytical cross-sectional study was conducted from March 18 to June 2, 2013. The study population was composed of married male subjects who sought care at the Ouakam Geriatric and Gerontology Center and the Grand Yoff General Hospital. Erectile function was assessed with the International Index of Erectile Function using the simplified five-item questionnaire (IIEF 5). R 2.2.9 software was used for the logistic regression multivariate analysis. Associations were measured using the adjusted odds ratio (ORaj) with confidence intervals.
A total of 253 men were surveyed during this period. Average age was 16.7±58.2 years, range 24-90 years; 47% were aged under 60 years. ED was diagnosed in 110 patients (43.5%). ED was considered mild (33.6%), moderate (5.5%) or severe (4.3%). ED was more severe in patients older than 60 years. Cardiovascular risk factors associated with ED were diabetes ORaj=2.4 (1.24-4.68), sedentary lifestyle ORaj=3.08 (1.69-5.61), and hypertension ORaj=2.53 (1.33-4.81).
These results should prompt health care providers to target patients with diabetes, hypertension and sedentary lifestyle for systematic ED screening as a routine practice in order to ensure early and effective care.
Revue d'epidemiologie et de sante publique. 2016 May 18 [Epub ahead of print]
M M M Leye, A Faye, O Ka, I Seck, A Tal Dia
Service de médecine préventive et santé publique, UCAD, Dakar, Sénégal. Electronic address: ., Service de médecine préventive et santé publique, UCAD, Dakar, Sénégal., UFR santé, université Alioune Diop de Bambey, Bambey, Sénégal., Service de médecine préventive et santé publique, UCAD, Dakar, Sénégal., Service de médecine préventive et santé publique, UCAD, Dakar, Sénégal.