The Role of Autophagy in Erectile Dysfunction.

Autophagy is a conservative lysosome-dependent material catabolic pathway, and exists in all eukaryotic cells. Autophagy controls cell quality and survival by eliminating intracellular dysfunction substances, and plays an important role in various pathophysiology processes. Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common male disease. It is resulted from a variety of causes and pathologies, such as diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, aging, spinal cord injury, or cavernous nerve injury caused by radical prostatectomy, and others. In the past decade, autophagy has begun to be investigated in ED. Subsequently, an increasing number of studies have revealed the regulation of autophagy contributes to the recovery of ED, and which is mainly involved in improving endothelial function, smooth muscle cell apoptosis, penile fibrosis, and corpus cavernosum nerve injury. Therefore, in this review, we aim to summarize the possible role of autophagy in ED from a cellular perspective, and we look forward to providing a new idea for the pathogenesis investigation and clinical treatment of ED in the future.

The world journal of men's health. 2024 Apr 08 [Epub ahead of print]

Changjing Wu, Yang Xiong, Fudong Fu, Fuxun Zhang, Feng Qin, Jiuhong Yuan

Andrology Laboratory, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China., Institutes for Systems Genetics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.