These clinical practice recommendations by the Urological Society of Australia and New Zealand (USANZ) and the Australasian Chapter of Sexual Health Medicine (AChSHM) for the Royal Australasian College of Physicians (RACP) provide evidence-based clinical guidelines on the management of erectile dysfunction (ED) in Australia.
A comprehensive clinical history and a tailored physical examination are essential (Level of evidence [LoE] 3; GRADE B). Laboratory testing should include fasting glucose, lipid profile and total testosterone level (LoE 3; GRADE A). Specialised diagnostic tests are recommended in selected cases and the patient should be counselled accordingly (LoE 4; GRADE B). Lifestyle changes and optimisation of existing medical conditions should accompany all ED treatment regimens (LoE 1; GRADE A). Oral phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor (PDE5i) is an effective first line medical therapy (LoE 1; GRADE A). Intracavernosal injections and vacuum erection devices are recommended as second line therapy (LoE 1; GRADE B). A penile prosthesis implant can be considered in men who are medically refractory or unable to tolerate the side effects of medical therapy (LoE 4; GRADE B). Pro-erectile regenerative therapy remains largely experimental (LoE 3; GRADE B).
Modification of lifestyle behaviour, management of reversible risk factors and optimisation of existing medical conditions remain pivotal, and existing standard ED therapies are often effective and safe following cardiovascular risk stratification. Caution should be exercised on the use of regenerative technology in ED due to unknown long term outcomes.
The Medical journal of Australia. 2022 Sep 04 [Epub ahead of print]
Eric Chung, Michael Lowy, Michael Gillman, Chris Love, Darren Katz, Graham Neilsen
Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, QLD., Male Clinic, Sydney, NSW., Men's Health Doctor, Brisbane, QLD., Urology South, Melbourne, VIC., Men's Health Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC., Stonewall Medical Centre, Brisbane, QLD.