Risk of osteoporosis in patients with erectile dysfunction: A PRISMA-compliant systematic review and meta-analysis.

Erectile dysfunction (ED) and osteoporosis are both common health problems and have similar risk factors. Recent studies have found that people with ED have a higher risk of osteoporosis.We aimed to systematically assess osteoporosis risk in patients with ED.

A systematically research was carried out in Medline via PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and Web of Science up to June 4, 2020, to identify articles related to ED and osteoporosis. The 2 researchers independently reviewed the literature, extracted the data, and evaluated the quality of the literature. All analyses were done using RevMan5.3 and Stata14.

A total of 4 studies involving 22,312 participants were included. The meta-analysis results showed that the risk of osteoporosis in the ED group was significantly higher than that in the non-ED group [odds ratio (OR) = 2.66, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.42 to 4.98, P = .002, I2 = 68%]. Interestingly, compared with older participants, the increased risk of osteoporosis in ED patients seemed to be more pronounced in younger participants. Despite the lack of data for meta-analysis, more than half of the literature mentioned this tendency. We found the source of heterogeneity through sensitivity analysis, and there was no significant effect on the results before and after the removal of this literature, indicating that our results were robust. No obvious publication bias was found through Egger method (P = .672).

People with ED have a higher risk of osteoporosis, especially among younger males. Because the assessment of osteoporosis is economical and noninvasive, ED patients should be evaluated by bone mineral density or men with osteoporosis should be further assessed for erectile function.

Medicine. 2021 Jun 18 [Epub]

Jiangnan Xu, Chao Wang, Yuhui Zhang, Zekun Xu, Jun Ouyang, Jianglei Zhang

Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University., Soochow University, Suzhou, China.