One-third of adult patients presenting for the repair of persistent penile defects after failing multiple hypospadias repair attempts during childhood will complain of erectile dysfunction (ED). The goal of this paper is to identify possible etiological causes of its onset.
Five selection criteria were used for entrance into the study: 1) Patients had to have failed ≥ three prior hypospadias repair attempts. 2) Present for evaluation between 18 and 40 years of age. 3) No known congenital or medical anomaly could be present that could have predisposed to erectile dysfunction. 4) Sexual history inventory for men (SHIM-5 score) completed. 5) All patients with moderate to severe ED (SHIM scores ≤ 16) underwent psychological screening; individuals with good quality spontaneous or self-stimulated erections, experiencing major life events, or had documented psychological problems were excluded from the study. One hundred consecutive patients meeting these criteria were assessed. We evaluated multiple factors to discern if they were associated with the onset of ED: the initial location of the urethral meatus, if a corporoplasty was performed, the type of corporoplasty used, if the urethral plate was divided or resected, the use of a ventral corporal graft, the total number of open reparative procedures performed before referral, the number of direct visual internal urethrotomies (DVIU) performed, the length of a urethral stricture at the time of the referral and whether lichen sclerosus was present. Statistical evaluations used chi-square analysis, two-tailed t-tests, or a logistic regression model where indicated, p-values < 0.05 were considered significant.
37% (37/100) of our patients complained of moderate to severe ED (SHIM score ≤16). Statistical analysis comparing patients with ED to those without ED (63%:63/100), revealed patients with ED were older, median age 34 yrs (range 20-40) vs 26 yrs (range 18-40) p = 0.0212, had undergone division of the urethral plate 70.3% (26/37) vs 47.6% (30/63), p = 0.0276, had placement of a ventral corporal graft, 24% (8/33) vs 1.5% (1/67), p = 0.0003 or had undergone repetitive DVIU's to manage urethral stricture disease, median number 4 (range 0-15) vs 0 (range 0-6), p < 0.0001, see table.
The early onset of ED in patients that failed multiple attempts at hypospadias repair in childhood is associated with advancing age, division of the urethral plate, and prior ventral corporal grafting. Especially significant is the association of ED to the use of repetitive internal urethrotomy to manage urethral stricture disease.
Journal of pediatric urology. 2020 Dec 05 [Epub ahead of print]
D A Husmann
Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. Electronic address: .