Over the past few years, an increase use of low-intensity shockwave therapy (LISWT) for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED) has been observed. However, many controversies in the scientific literature about its efficacy still exist. We aimed to investigate changes in the pattern of usage and attitudes toward LISWT for ED among experts over the last years. A dedicated online survey was sent to delegates at the Congress for the EAU Section of Andrological Urology (ESAU) in Prague from 31st October to 1st November 2019. The survey captured demographic data, professional background, and the experience and personal knowledge about LISWT. The results were compared with a previous survey conducted in 2016 and investigating the same topics in order to assess changes in the knowledge and opinion on LISWT over time. Overall, 172 and 192 questionnaires were available from 2019 and 2016, respectively. Participants in the 2019 survey were 80 (45.7%) urologists, 52 (29.7%) uro-andrologists, and 34 (19.4%) residents in urology, from 30 different countries. Compared to the past, we observed an increase of respondents who were familiar with LISWT (75 vs. 95%; p < 0.0001) and who performed LISWT in their routine practice (38% in 2019 vs. 14% in 2016; p < 0.0001). Conversely, no changes in terms of overall perception of treatment efficacy were registered over time (68% in 2019 vs. 72% in 2016 considered LISWT as an effective treatment, respectively (p = 0.5)). An increased proportion of physicians had suggested a wider application of LISWT, and some even advocated its use in nonvasculogenic ED (33% in 2019 vs. 5.9% in 2016; p < 0.0001). The awareness and clinical application of LISWT for ED have increased over time, despite the lack of robust evidence in terms of effectiveness. Further research on the benefit of LISWT is needed to guide physicians in the therapeutic management of ED patients.
International journal of impotence research. 2020 Aug 21 [Epub ahead of print]
Paolo Capogrosso, Marina Di Mauro, Mikkel Fode, Lior Lowenstein, Yacov Reisman, Federico Dehò, Andrea Salonia, Giorgio Ivan Russo, European Association of Urology Young Academic Urologists (EAU-YAU) Men’s Health Working Group
Department of Urology and Andrology, Circolo & Macchi Foundation Hospital - ASST Sette Laghi, Varese, Italy. ., Urology Section, Department of Surgery, University of Catania, Catania, Italy., Department of Urology, Zealand University Hospital, Roskilde, Denmark., Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rambam Health Care Campus, Technion School of Medicine, Haifa, Israel., Men's Health Clinic, Amstelland Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands., Department of Urology and Andrology, Circolo & Macchi Foundation Hospital - ASST Sette Laghi, Varese, Italy., Division of Experimental Oncology/Unit of Urology, URI; IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele, Milan, Italy.