Favorable preservation of erectile function after prostate brachytherapy for localized prostate cancer.

We analyzed the rate of preserved potency after prostate brachytherapy (PB) with radioactive seeds and the impact of patient comorbidities on post-PB erectile dysfunction (ED).

We included 627 patients who were assessed for pre- and postimplant potency between 2005 and 2017. Assessment was based on the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Scale (CTCAEs). Logistic regression models were used to assess clinical predictors of preserved potency after PB defined as having sufficient erections for sexual activity with or without the need of oral pharmacologic assistance. Covariates included age, diabetes (DM), hypertension (HTN), dyslipidemia (DLP), coronary artery disease (CAD), International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), prostate volume, and Cancer of the Prostate Risk Assessments (CAPRA) score. Patients on androgen deprivation therapy or using five alpha reductase inhibitors were excluded from analyses.

Post-PB potency was assessed at an average of 6 months (n = 627), 1 year (n = 538), 2 years (=440), 4 years (n = 272), and 5 years (n = 124). At 2 and 5 years, post-PB potency was preserved in 87% and 84% of patients, respectively. When adjusting for all available covariates, advanced age, pre-PB potency, and the presence of vascular comorbidities (HTN, DM, and DLP) were all predictors of potency at 2 years after PB (all p < 0.01). When performing a sensitivity analysis for vascular comorbidities, the presence of DM had the strongest impact on ED than either HTN or DLP (p < 0.01).

More than 84% of patients had preserved potency 5 years after PB. Advanced age, pre-PB potency, and vascular comorbidities had a statistically significant impact on potency after PB.

Brachytherapy. 2019 Dec 11 [Epub ahead of print]

Amélie Bazinet, Kevin C Zorn, Daniel Taussky, Guila Delouya, Daniel Liberman

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM), Montréal, Canada., Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM), Montréal, Canada; Department of Radiation Oncology, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM), Montréal, Canada. Electronic address: ., Department of Radiation Oncology, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM), Montréal, Canada.